Monday, 4 May 2015

'Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib (Died 32 H)

The actual name is Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib ibn Hashim, he was an uncle of the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, by the nickname Abu Fadhel, it includes both leader Quraysh during jahililliyah and after Islam, he converted to Islam before the Hijra secretly and remain silent in Makkah in order to can send news about the idolators to the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam.

He had followed the war Hunain along with the Prophet and including the most powerful defense, he joined a group of Ansar in the allegiance Akabah. He is the uncle of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and one of the most familiar and most beloved in his heart. Therefore, he always said asserts, "Abbas was my father's siblings. Whoever hurt Abbas equal to hurt me. "

In an age of ignorance, he takes care of prosperity Haram and serve drinks pilgrims. As well as he is familiar in the heart of the Prophet, the Prophet was close to him. He never became a maid and his main adviser in bai'at al-Aqabah facing the Helpers of Medina. According to history, he was born three years before the arrival of forces that want to destroy Baitullah Elephant in Mecca. His mother, the daughter Natilah Khabbab bin Kulaib, is the first Arab woman wearing a silk netting on Baitullah al-Haram.

At the time Abbas was a child, he never lost. The mother then made a vow, if his son was found, he would wear a silk netting in the House. Shortly them, Abbas is found, so she began to keep nazamya it.

Famous with his wife Umm call Fadhal (Si Fadhal mother) because his eldest son named al-Fadhal. His face was handsome. He sat behind the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam when he Hajj wada' her. He died in Sham because of a catastrophic illness. His children as follows; namely the second child, Abdullah, a religious scholar who got a prayer of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, died in Taef. Third, Qutsam, face similar right to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. He went to the land of jihad Khorasan and died in Samarkand. Fourth, Ma'bad, martyred in Africa. Abdullah (Abdullah is not the first), a good person, rich, generous and died in Medina. Fifth, his daughter, Umm Habibah.

The scholars of different information about Islam Abbas. Some say, after the conquest of Khaibar. Some say, long before the Battle of Badr. Katamya, he preached the activities of the Pagans to the Prophet in Medina, and the Muslims in Mecca a lot of support from him. people
say, he never expressed his desire to move to Medina, but the Prophet declared, "you better stay in Mecca".

The second statement is corroborated by the testimony of Abu Rafi ', ​​maid Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam, "At that time, when I was a child, I became a maid at home Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib. Apparently, at that time, Islam has been entered into the household. both Abbas and Umm Al-Fadhal, both had converted to Islam. However, Abbas knows his people are afraid and divided, then he hid his Islam. "

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