Sunday, 12 April 2015

Aisha bint Abu Bakr (Died 57 H)

Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam. opens a home life with Aisha who was widely known. Aisha like a vast ocean in depth knowledge and piety. Among women, a figure which he memorized many hadiths of the Prophet, and among the wives of the Prophet, he has a privilege that no other Prophet's wife. His father was a close friend of the Prophet who had accompanied him to move. Unlike the other wives of the Prophet, Aisha's parents do migrate along the Messenger.

When the revelation came to the Prophet, Gabriel brought the news that his wife Aisha is in the world and the hereafter, as described in the hadith narrated by Tirmidhi from Aisha:'Gabriel came to bring a picture on a piece of green silk to the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam., And said, This is your wife in the world and the hereafter. "She was the cause for the decline in the word of God which explains holiness and release of slander hypocrites.

Aisha was the daughter Quhafah bin Abdullah bin Amr bin 'Amr ibn Ka'b ibn Sa'd bin Tamim bin Ka'b bin Luay Marrah son, who is better known by the name of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq and from the tribe of Quraish at-Taymiyyah al-Makkiyah . His father is the as-Siddiq and the first to believe in the Prophet when the Isra 'Mi'raj, when people do not believe it.According to history, his mother was Umm Ruman. However, other narrations say that his mother was Zaynab bint Amr bin or Wa'id Uwaimir son of Abdi Shams. Aisha was classified as the first woman who converted to Islam, as his words, "Before I was intelligent, my parents had embraced Islam."Umm Ruman gave two sons to Abu Bakr, namely Abdurrahman and Aisha. Other significant child, namely Abdullah and Asma bint Abdul Qatlah derived and Uzza, the first wife whom he married at the time of ignorance. When converted to Islam, married Asma bint Abu Bakr Umais who later gave birth to Muhammad, also married Habibah bint Umm Kulthum Kharijah who gave birth. Aisha were born four years after the Prophet was sent into Messenger. When the Islamic da'wah is inhibited by the idolaters, Aisha saw that his father's enormous burden. As a child he played with agile, and when the Prophet married her age was barely ten years. In most of the reports mentioned that the Prophet let him play around with his friends.


Wedding Blessing 

Two years after the death of Khadijah ra, came the revelation to the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam. to marry Ayesha.After the Prophet said to Aisha, "I saw you in my sleep three nights in a row. The angel came to me with a drawing on a piece of silk and said, 'This is your wife.' When I open their face, behold your face. Then I said to him, 'If this is true of God, will undoubtedly happen. "Hearing the news, Abu Bakr and his wife very happy, even more so when the Prophet agreed to marry their daughters, Aisha. He went to their house and there have been blessed that engagement. After the engagement, the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam. migrated to Medina with friends, while his wives left behind in Mecca. After he settled in Medina, he sent people to pick them up, including Aisha. Because of bad weather that hit Medina, Aisha and her seriously ill shrink as well experienced people Emigrants.Watched it, the Prophet prayed, "O Allah, make karni as people who love Medina as we love to Mecca, or even more so. Heal occupants and disease. Give blessing to us in balance and proportion. Protect us and disease, and the disease diverted to Juhfah. "God answered the prayers of the Prophet, and the weather gradually improved, so there goes the disease that hit the muhajirin. Aisha was recovered and preparing for the wedding day with Rasuhillah sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam.With God's permission to marry Aisha dowry of five hundred dirhams. When asked by Abu Salamah ibn Abdurrahman about the amount of dowry given the Prophet:"Aisyab replied to the wives of the Prophet Mahar her wife is twelve uqiyah and one nasy. Do you know one nasy it? Answered, No. Then further Aisha. One nasy was equal to half uqiyah, which is five hundred dirhams. So this is the dowry of the Prophet to his wives. "(HR. Muslim)

Wife's love of the Prophet
sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam.Aisha lived in a room adjacent to the Prophet's Mosque. In the room that much revelation down, so the room was called as a revelation. At the heart of the Prophet, Aisha very special position, and it is not experienced by his wives the other. In the hadith narrated by Anas bin Malik said, "The first love is going on in Islam is his love for the Prophet to Aisha."

In the history Tirmidhi narrated, "That there is someone who insults Aisha before Ammar Ammar thus urging him, 'Woe to you. You telab wife hurt the love of the Prophet '. "There was also another story that shows the magnitude of the love of the Prophet to Aisha, and it has been known by that time kaurn Muslims. Therefore, the Muslims always look forward to the coming of the Prophet on Aisha's turn as the day to present something to the Prophet
sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam. Things like that cause jealousy among the other wives of the Prophet. Of that Aisha had said:"People flocked to reward the Prophet's turn to me. Therefore, my friends (the other wives of the Prophet) gathered at Umm Salamah. They said, 'O Umm Salamah, for the sake of Allah, people flocked gived gifts on Aisha giliranRasulullah at home, while we also want rnemperoleh goodness as desired by Aisha.' Seeing such a reaction, the Prophet asked the Muslims to give gift to him on the day of the Prophet's wife turn anywhere. Umm Salamah have expressed objections to the Prophet. He said, "The Prophet turned dariiku. When he came to me, I will back notice it, but he did the same thing. When I notice him for the third time, he still turned away from me, so finally he said, 'By God, revelation does not come down to me for me to be near you, except when I'm in a blanket along with Ayesha. "(HR. Muslim)

Although feeling jealous wives of the Prophet against Aisha very large, they still appreciate Aisha very respectable position. Even when Aisha died, Umm Salamah said, "By Allah, he is the man she loved most after his father (Abu Bakr)."


One time, the Prophet was asked by Amr bin 'Aash, "Who is the man you love most?" He replied, "Aisha!" Amr asked again, "And among men?" He replied, "Her father!" (Hadith muttafaqirn 'alaihi)In between the wives of the Prophet, Sawda bint Zam'a very understanding virtues Aisha, so he gave up the whole night part to Aisha.


One day Shafiyah bin Huyay ask the willingness of the Prophet through Aisha, namely as narrated by Ibn Majah from Aisha.


"Once the Prophet was reluctant to approach Safiyya bint Huyayy bin Ahthab. Therefore Shafyyah said to Aisha, 'O Aisha, if you can let go of the Prophet to me? And you will get the piece. 'Aisyab replied,' Yes! 'Aisha took the veil which is then utilized za'faran drops and doused with water to make it more fragrant. After that he sat next to the Prophet, Narnun he said, 'O Aisha, you stay away from me. Today is not the day of yours. 'Aisyab said,' It is the virtue that gived God to him who wills. 'Aisha then explained how the problem and are willing to Shafyyah Prophet. "


Thus it can be said that Aisha was very attentive to anything that makes the Messenger of Allah willing. He keeps lest he find something unpleasant from him. Therefore, one of them, he always dressed nice and always decorated for the Prophet. Ahead of his death, the Prophet asked permission to his wives to rest at home Aisha during her illness until her death. In this case Aisha said, "It is a pleasure for me because the Prophet died in my lap."


Slander against 

Aisha had experienced slander littering the pages of history holy life, up to down-Q ur'an verses that describe the sanctity of her. The story begins from here. As usual, before leaving for the war, the Prophet gambled his wife who will accompany war. It turns out that the lot fell to Aisha, so Aisha who accompanies him in the Battle of Bani al-Musthaliq. At that time coincided with a decline in order to wear the hijab. After the war and the victory of the Muslims, the Prophet returned to Medina. When the Muslim army was resting in a courtyard, Aisha was still inside sekedup camel. In the evening, the Prophet allowed the group left home. When it Aisha went to his business, and back.

Apparently, the necklace around his neck fell and lost, so he went out and sekedup and searching for the missing necklace. When the troops were ready to go, sekedup they raise is empty. They thought Aisha are in sekedup. After the necklace was found, Aisha back to the troops, but what a surprise because no one he found. Aisha did not leave the place, and thought that the camel guide would know that he was not in it, so they will return to its original place. When Aisha asleep, Safwan bin Mu'thil Gone are amazed to see Aisha sleep. He was invited Aisha riding his camel and he leads in front of him. Starting from the events that slander spread, fueled by Abdullah bin Ubay bin Salul.


When the charges were sarnpai ear to the Prophet, he collects the friends and ask their opinion. Usamah bin Zaid said, "O Messenger of Allah, he is a family ... that you know is goodness alone." Ali also argued, "O Messenger of Allah, Allah is never difficult for you. Many women besides him. "From the words of Ali, there are those who exacerbate the problem so that there was an ongoing conflict between Aisha and Ali. Hear the opinions of the companions of the Prophet, bentambah sedihlah Aisha, especially after he saw a change in attitude on the Prophet himself.


When Aisha was sitting-associated parents, the Prophet approached him and said:"O Aisha I heard the news that you have such and such. If you are truly holy, Allah will pure you. However, if you have sinned, ruefully repent, He will forgive you your sins. "She said," By Allah, I know that you have heard inmi, and evidently you believe. If I say that I remain chaste was, undoubtedly only God who knows cleanness, and of course you would not believe me. However, if I confess it, but God knows that I remain chaste, then you will believe my words. I can only say what the Prophet Joseph said, 'So it is better to be patient'. And God also will help to what you describe. "


Aisha is expecting a revelation of God lowering associated with the problem, but the revelation that does not go down. Only after a few moments, before anyone leaves the house of the Prophet, the revelation that explains the sanctity of Aisha came down to him. Prophet immediately see Aisha and said, "O Aisha, Allah has pure you with his word:"Indeed, those who carry a hoax it is from your group as well. Do not you think that lying is bad news for you, even it is good for you. each one of them, got a reply from sin does. and who among those who took the biggest portion in broadcasting false news that her great torment. "(QS. Al-Nur: 11)Such is the glory that carried Aisha, so bertambahlah glory and grandeur in the heart of the Prophet.


Noble Life Journey 

In essence, every man has a weakness, as well as with Aisha, who in addition to having the honor and dignity also has its drawbacks. In this case, he once said,"I've never seen food makers like Safia. He always presents food to the Prophet. Unconsciously I never solve a food brought Safia. I asked the Messenger of what can be used as a place that broke it. Rasulullab replied, 'The place is replaced with the place and the food is replaced with the food. "(HR. Bukhari)Aisha once said:"Halah bint Khuwailid, sister Khadija, requested permission from the Prophet. When the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam. feel that way Halah ask permission similar to the way Khadija ask permission, and he was happy for them. Then he said, 'O Allah, here Halah bint Khuwailid.' I said, 'What do you call it adalab a granny grandmother of the Quraysh, the two corners of his mouth red. He was elderly swallowed period.

May God give you a better replacement than him. "Hearing that the Prophet said, 'God will not give a good substitute lebib Instead of the Khadija. He had faith in me when others mengingkariku. He had to trust me when others lied me. He has donated his property to struggle when others refused to give their property. God has memberkahiku with children through Khadija when others do not give me the child. "(HR. Ahmad and Muslim)


There are several establishments that law firm and solving important problems, either specifically related to women in general and with regard to the life of the Muslims in general. It is related that in ancient times a man can divorce his wife at will. The woman is going back to his wife if her husband persuaded back into a state of waiting period, even if he has divorced her a hundred times. Even the husband said to his wife, "By Allah, I will divorce you so that you become clear, and I'm not going to give you a living forever".


Met his wife Aisha and tell. He replied, I divorce you if iddahmu almost over, and if you have the sacred back, I would merujukmu back. Met his wife Aisha and told her problems. Aisha terdiarn to the Prophet came. He was silent unable to resolve the problem until a verse came down:"Separations (which can dirujuki) twice. Setelab it may refer again in a way that ma'ruf or divorce a good way .... "(Al-Baqarah: 229)


In the determination of any law, Aisha often go straight to the women who violate Islamic law. Once he heard that the women of Hamash in Sham bathing in public baths. Aisha came to them and said,"I heard the Prophet
sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam. said, 'Women who undressed in the house other than her husband's house so she has opened the curtain between him and God. "(HR. Ahmad, Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah)

Aisha has ever witnessed a change in the clothes worn by the women of Islam after the Prophet died. Ayesha against the change, saying, "If the Prophet saw what happened to the woman (today), he undoubtedly would forbid them to enter the mosque as Israeli women were barred from entering their places of worship."


In the Thabaqat Ibn Saad said that Hafsah bint Umm al-Mumineen Abdirrahman meet Aisha. When it Hafsyah wearing thin veil. Quick as a flash Aisha attract the hood and replace it with a thick veil. 

Aisha narrated hadiths
Aisha has extensive knowledge and insight mastered religious issues, both were examined from the Quran, hadiths of the Prophet, nor ilmi jurisprudence. On the issue of science is owned Aisha, in Al-Mustadrak, al-Hakim said that one-third of the laws of Shari'a quoted and Aisha. Abu Musa al-Asya'ari said, "Whenever we find it difficult, we find simplicity in Aisha." The friends often ask for opinions if they find a problem they can not solve alone. Aisha was often corrects paragraph, hadith, and applied the wrong law to come back later described the actual intent. One example is the word that expressed by Abu Hurayrah.

When it refers to the hadith of Abu Hurayrah narrated by Ibn Abbas Fadhi that whoever is still in a state of impurity at dawn, then he is forbidden to fast. When Abu Hurayrah asked Aisha, Aisha said, "The Prophet never a state of impurity (at dawn) not as a dream, and then he continued his fast." After knowing that, Abu Hurayrah said, "He knows more about the release of the hadith." Aisha Room more work scbagai school, the students come from all over to study. For students who are not mahram, Aisha always a cloth veil between them. Ayesha never simplify the law unless it is clear argument of A1-Quran and Sunnah.


Aisha is the closest to the Prophet so many witnessed the revelation to him, sebagairnana these words:"I never saw the Messenger of revelation down on a very cold day that he was unconscious, while the sweat pouring from his forehead." (HR. Bukhari)


Aisha also have the opportunity to ask questions directly to the Prophet if it finds something that he has not understood about a paragraph. Thus it can be said that he gained direct knowledge and the Prophet as this expression:"I asked the Prophet about the verse 'And those who give what they give with your heart that fear ...." (QS. Al-Mu'minun: 60). What is the paragraph above is the wine drinker and thieves? "He replied, 'No, daughter-Siddiq! They are people who fast and pray, and give alms, but fear (charity they are not accepted). They hasten in goodness, but precedes (define your own) such kindness. "(HR. Ibn Majah, and Tirmidhi).


Aisha said again: "I asked the Messenger of Allah says: 'Yauma tabdalul-ardhu ghairal-was-samawati ardha. Where are human beings, O Messenger of Allah? "He replied," Man is above shirath. "(HR. Muslim)


Aisha including many women who memorized the hadiths of the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, so experts hadith put him in fifth place on the following hadith of Abu Hurairah, Ibn Umar, Anas bin Malik, and Ibn Abbas. Aisha has a feature that is not owned by anyone, which narrate that he immediately obtained and the Prophet and memorize it at home. Therefore, often he narrated the hadith that has never been reported by other narrators. The Companions frequently visited rurnah penghafal hadith of Aisha to directly obtain the Hadeeth of the Prophet because its truth is guaranteed quality. If you disagree on an issue, they do not hesitate to ask for the completion of Aisha. Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr, son Aisha's brother, said that during the Caliphate of Abu Bakr, Umar, and Uthman, Aisha rnenjadi government advisor until his death.


Aisha is known as the narrators who mengistinbath own law when legal clarity not found in the Qur'an and hadith another. In this case, Abu Salamah said, "I never saw a more knowing the Sunnah of the Prophet, his opinion is more correct when he argues, is to know how the Qur'an down, and be familiar with its obligations other than Aisha."


Once Saad ibn Hisham met Ayesha, and said, "I want to ask you about how you think if I remain single forever." She said, "You should not do it, because I heard the Prophet
sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam. said about the word of God: 'Had we sent Messengers before you, and we have created for them wives and offspring. "Therefore, do not be single." Urwah bin Zubeir, one student Aisha, greatly admired incredibility mastery Aisha. He said, "I think about business. I really admire you. I think you are the man most widely know something. "

Aisha said, "What caused you to think like that?" He replied, "You are the wife of the Prophet
sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam and daughter of Abu Bakr. You know those days, nasab, and poetry of the Arabs. "He said," What caused you and your father to be the most intelligent dariipada entire Quraysh? I really admire kepandaianmu about medical science. Where did you get that knowledge? "She said," O Urwah, indeed the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam. often sick, so doctors Arab and non-Arab came to treat him. From them I learned. "

About mastery of language and literature, back Urwah commented, "By Allah, I have never seen anyone more eloquent dariipada Aisha other than the Prophet himself." Al-Ahnaf bin Qais said, "I've heard a sermon Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman bin Affan, and Alii ibn Abi Talib. Until now I have never heard one word of any of God's creatures are fuller and better than the words of Aisha. "One example of eloquence can be seen from the words on the grave of his father, Abu Bakr:"God has starred face, and grateful for the kindness which thou hast done. You patronize the world because you turned away from him. However, for you are precious, because you are always facing him. If the biggest event after the Prophet died and the biggest disaster is death, the Book of Allah rnenghibur with patience and a good replace selainmu. I feel the promise of God that has been set bagirnu and sincerely for your departure. With his pleading of your place and I pray for you. We only belong to Allah and to Him we return. Best wishes to you and the mercy of God. "


From Aisha was often out words of wisdom are well known, such as:"For God pearl piety. There will be no healing for people who in his heart dalarn occurred anger. Marriage is slavery, then let someone see to whom he was devoted daughter of glory. "


Messenger of Death and Buried in Rooms 

For Aisha, the Prophet during the persistence of pain in his room is a huge honor because he can take care of him until the end of life. Below he paints his last seconds before the death:"It is God favors me, Rasulullab died in rurnahku in my days and in my arms. God has united my saliva and spit him towards death. Abdurrahman met me, his hands clasped in Siwak, while I rested him. I saw he turned toward Abdurrahman, I immediately understood that he liked Siwak. I whispered to him, 'Can I puree Siwak for you? "He motioned with his head, seems to imply' yes'. Then he told me to stop smoothing Siwak, sernentara in his hand there was a vessel of water. He insert both belab hands and wiped the face and said, 'La ilaha illahu ... every death throes (he raises his hand) ... the Most High God. 'He clasped his hands and slowly fell into bawab his hand. "(Muttafaq Alaih)

Prophet
sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam. buried in Aisha's room, right where he died. Meanwhile, in his sleep, Aisha saw three months fell to his room. When he told it to his father, Abu Bakr said, "If you see it's true, then the house will be buried three most noble on earth." When the Prophet died, Abu Bakr said, "He is the most precious among the three bulanmu. "It was Abu Bakr and Umar are buried in the house of Aisha.

After the Messenger of Death 

After the Prophet's death, Aisha always faced with a very severe trial, but he deal with a heart patient, full of willingness to acts of God, and always keep silence in the house solely to obey God. Allah Subhanahu wa ta'ala says:"And be ye remain in your house and do not ornate and behave like people who formerly ignorant, and establish prayer, pay the poor due, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Verily Allah berrnaksud want removes sin from you, O Ahlul-bait, and cleanse you sebersih- net. "(QS. Al-Ahzab: 33)

Aisha house constantly visited by people from all over to study or to visit the tomb of the Prophet
sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam. When the wives of the Prophet wanted to send Uthman facing the Caliph Abu Bakr to ask the estate which is part of their Prophet, Aisha actually said, "Did not the Prophet had said, 'We are the prophets do not leave inheritance. What we leave it is charity. "During the caliphate of Abu Bakr, Aisha scientific content is not so apparent among the Muslims, because the distance is very close to the time of the Prophet's death, as well as the Muslims were preoccupied by Riddah war (war against the apostates). After two years and three months and ten nights, the first caliph, Abu Bakr, died. Before he died, Abu Bakr intestate to his daughter in order to bury him in the side of the Prophet. Aisha carry out his father's orders, and when Abu Bakr rneninggal, Aisha buried him in the side of the Prophet, his head placed on the shoulders of the Prophet.

Ayesha science began to appear during the caliphate of Umar, so that the great companions always refer Aisha opinion if they are faced with the problems relating to the Muslims. In the Thabaqat, of Mahmud bin Luhaid, Ibn Sa'd said, "The wives of the Prophet much rnenghafal hadith of the Prophet, but memorizing Aisha and Umm Salamah, no one can match. Aisha is the adviser of the caliphate of Umar and Uthman until he died. At that time, Umar very concerned about the state of the Prophet's wives. Of that Aisha said, 'Umar always pay attention to our state from head to toe.


He has a large palm that is always filled with fruits and then sent to the wives of the Prophet
sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam wife. 'Likewise with Uthman ibn Affan. Aisha respect Uthman as a very respectable position in the heart of the Prophet. Uthman ibn Affan had a generosity and a great shame, so Aisha once said, 'The Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam. very shy when meeting with Uthman. If the Prophet met him, he will sit next to him and smoothed her dress. "When Aisha asked him about it, he replied, 'I feel ashamed to someone whom the angels are shy."

In the traditions of the Prophet, Aisha narrated that the Messenger of intestate to Uthman that do not descend from the Caliphate if not done properly. He said, "O Uthman, indeed someday God will raise you in this matter. If the hypocrites wants you leave the greatness that God put the clothes to you, do not let it go. "He repeats these words three times. When Uthman died at the hands of the rebels, the first Aisyahlah avenge his death.


In connection with the problem of hostility Aisha and Ali, there is a hadith of Aisha own that neutralize the issue. Aisha and Ali had a noble and honorable position, and certainly will not forget that Aisha Ali is the son of the uncle of the Prophet as well as the husband of the daughter of the Prophet. Aisha was certainly not going to forget the persistence Ali in jihad in the path of Allah and be the first to convert to Islam from among the children. The issue of contention Ali and Aisha certainly unwarranted because Aisha believes strongly in the quality of science and the nature of the mandate of Ali. When Suraih bin Hani asked Aisha about wiping khuffain (head covering) when her ablutions, then She said, "Come to Ali, because he was always traveling (safar) with the Prophet."After Ali's death, Aisha always be at home and give lessons hadith and tafsir verses of the Qur'an. Aisha was never willing to let lunge Mu'awiya ibn Abu Sufyan that much contrary to Islamic law though Mu'awiyah always trying to attract sympathetic and willingness Aisha. One time, Mu'awiya sent someone to ask for a fatwa to the contents of Aisha, "Write me, and do not be too much!" She said, "Peace be with you. I heard Rasululiah
sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam. said, 'He who seek the pleasure of Allah while angry man, Allah human ends meet for her forgiveness. And those who seek the pleasure of humans with the wrath of Allah, Allah will represent is the problem to humans. Peace be with you. "

Death of Aisha

 In a life full of jihad, Hazrat Aisha died at the age of 66 years, coinciding with the month of Ramadan, in the 58th Hijra, and was buried in Baqi '.Amen.

Source: 

- Book Dzaujatur-Prophet, Joseph Amr work, Publisher Darus-Sa'abu, Riyadh.

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