Saturday, 11 April 2015

Asma` Bint 'Umais

His full name is Asma 'bint Mad bin Tamim bin Al-Haris bin Ka`ab bin Malik bin Quhafah, called by the name Umm Ubdillah. He is one of the four sisters mukminah which was approved by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam with his saying: "There are four sisters mukminat ie Maimunah, Umm Fadl, Salma and Asthma".

He converted to Islam before the Muslims entered the house of al-Arqam. She was the wife of a hero among friends that Ja`far ibn Abi Talib, a friend who has two wings, as the title of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam gave to him. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam when would like to say hello to Abdullah ibn Ja`far, he says:
"Congratulations to you, O son of man has two wings (Dhul janahain)."

Asma 'including first muhajirah woman, she co-migrated with her husband that ja`far bin Abi Talib towards Habasyah, he felt bitter exile. The husband is the spokesman of the Muslims in the face of the king Habasyah, late-Najasyi.

In the seclusion of the earth he gave birth to three sons called Abdullah, Muhammad and Aunan. As for his son Abdullah is very similar to his father, while his father is very similar to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, so it is encouraging his heart and foster a sense of longing to see the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said to Ja`far:
"You like the shape of (physical) and also akhlakku mine."

When the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam ordered for the muhajirin to leave for Medina then almost Asma' fly for joy, this is a dream come true and become Muslims get their country and that they will become the soldiers of Islam will spread Islam and elevate the word of Allah.

Thus, Asma 'out with the drive when moved for the second time from the country to the country Habasyah Medina. When the group arrived at Medina muhajirin, when it did they hear the news that the new Muslims resolve war and bring victory, takbir echoed in all directions because the troops were delighted with the victory of the Muslims and the arrival muhajirin of Abyssinia.
Ja`far ibn Abi Talib came greeted by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam with joy then he kissed her forehead as she said:
"By Allah, I do not know which is more good for me, victory or arrival ja`far Khaibar." Asma 'into the house Hafsa bint Umar when the Prophet married her, when it was Umar entered the house of Hafsah while Asma' was at his side, then he asked to Hafsa, 'Who is this woman? "Hafsah said," She is Asma' bint Umais? Umar asked, is this woman who came from across the country Habasyah ocean? 'Asthma replied, "Yes."

Umar said; 'We have preceded you to emigrate with the Messenger, so we have more right to self Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam than you. "Hearing that Asma 'angry and unable to stem the turmoil of his soul so that he said:" Not for the sake of Allah, you along with the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam while he fed the hungry in between you and teaches those who are still ignorant of you, while we were in a country or in a distant earth and disliked the Habasyah, and all of it is for the sake of keta`atan Allah and His Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. "Then Asma' paused goes on to say:" By Allah, I do not eat and do not drink so I reported it to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, we were harassed and intimidated, it also will I convey to the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam, I would ask him, for the sake of God I am not lying, not will be distorted and will not embroider. "

Tatakala Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam came, then said Asma' to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, "O Prophet of Allah verily Umar said such and such." Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam asked Umar, "What did you say to him ? ". Umar replied, "I say such and such". Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said to Asma`:
"No one has the right over me exceed you, while he (Umar) and his companions emigrated one but you ahlus Safinah (who boarded the ship) had emigrated twice." So be careful flowers Asma 'because the statement of the Prophet sallallaahu' The alaihi wa sallam then he spread the news in the midst of men, until the people gathered around him to ask for an explanation of the news. Asma 'said:
"What I saw Abu Musa and the people who have sailed (emigrated together Asma and her husband) came to me and asked me about the hadith, then there is nothing more exciting than the world and is of great significance for them of what was spoken of the Prophet sallallaahu ' alaihi wa sallam to them. "

When the forces of the Muslims towards Sham, among the three armies are husband of Asma 'the Ja`far ibn Abi Talib. There on the battlefield God chose him from among the army to earn a martyr in the path of Allah.

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam came home Asma' and ask her three children, they also toured around the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, then the Prophet kissed them and rubbed their heads to tear his eyes melt. Said Asma with heart pounding implies sadness, "For the sake of my father and mother, what makes you cry? What has to be news to you about Ja`far and his friend? "He replied," Yes, he was killed today. "

No power Asma resist tears and then the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam comforted her and told her: "mourn for three days, then did according as you like after that."

Furthermore, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said to the members of his family:
"Ja`far be made a meal for the family, as it has come the events that concern them."
Nothing is done by women this mukminah but the tears dry up, be patient and steadfast with hopeing great reward from God. Even during the night he dreamed that her husband like martyr. especially over when he heard one of the men of Bani Murrah ibn Auf said: "When the war, for the sake of Allah as if I saw Ja`far when jumping from his horse which yellowish then he fought until he was killed. Before he was killed said:
O Jannah (paradise) which I craved inhabit
fragrant smell, fresh cool drinking water
Roman soldiers approached the grave
deterred away from relatives
Must me struck when see him
Then Ja`far holding a flag with the right hand but cut his right hand, then he brings with his left hand, but cut his left hand, then he in the chest with both arms until he was killed.

Asma` get the meaning of the words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam who once said to his son: "O son of a Assalamu`alaikum who has two sayab."

Apparently God replaces Ja`far severed hands with two wings with which he flew in Jannah will. A mother who is diligently educate shalihah three children and guide them to follow the trail that had been taken by his father who had sayahid, and familiarize them with tabi`at faith.

Not too long ago from the time of Abu Bakr Ash-shidiq come to woo Asma` Bint Umais after the death of his wife, Umm Rumaan. there is no longer any reason for rejecting the proposal of the seutama Asma` Abu Bakr Siddeeq, so finally Asma` moved to the house of Abu Bakr Siddeeq to add the light of truth and the light of faith and to pour love and loyalty in the household.

After a long time he marriage blessed, God gifted them both a boy. They want to establish a pilgrimage wada`, then Abu Bakr asked his wife to bathe and Hajj after the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam asked. Then Asma` see events for the sake of a great event, but the biggest event is the death of the leader of the children of Adam and disconnection revelation from heaven. Then he also saw her husband, Abu Bakr came to power for the Muslim caliphate that her husband completed a very complex problematics like fighting apostasy, fighting those who do not want to tithe and send troops Osama and the mountain like a firm stance not hesitate  and not too indecisive, so he witnessed how God's help was given to the Muslims with the attitude of unwavering faith.

Asma` always keep her always feel happy and he lived together with a genuine feeling of her husband helped carry the load with her husband in the affairs of a great people.

But it did not last long because the caliph Ash-shidiq sick and getting worse until the sweat on his upper cheeks. Ash-shidiq with sharpness feeling of a believer who Siddiq feel him close to death so he hastened to intestate. As in the testament he is that he take bath by his wife Asma` bint Umais, in addition to that he advised his wife to break the fast in which he said: "Berbukalah because it makes you stronger."

Asma` felt close he died so he read istirja` and begging for mercy while his eyes did not turn at all from looking at him that his soul returned safely to God. It made Asma` shed tears and sorrow, but the least he did not say anything but the blessed God Almighty, he remained patient and steadfast.

Then he fulfill important matters requested by her husband who had died, because he is the most trustworthy by her husband.

Begin she bathed him and it adds to the sadness and distress him so that he forgot for a second testament. He asked the muhajirin present, 'I'm fast, but today was a very cold day, is it okay for me to take a bath? "They replied," No. "

At the end of the afternoon was buried according Ash-shidiq suddenly Asma` bint Umais remember that both the husband's will for him to break the fast (not to continue fasting). So what we want to do now? whereas only stay a short time again, waiting for the sun sank and the person is allowed to break their fasting? whether he will wait for a moment just to continue shaum?

Loyalty towards her husband had prevented him to betray the will of her husband who has gone, so he took a drink of water and then said: "By Allah I will not be breaking his promise today."

After the departure of her husband, Asma` melazimi home to educate her sons both of Ja`far and of Abu Bakr, he handed over the affairs of her children to God to ask Him to improve their children and Allah fix them until they become a priest for those who fear Allah. This is the culmination of his hope in the world and he did not know the fate that would befall him hidden in the knowledge of God.

He is the brother of Ali ibn Abi Talib from Ja`far which has two wings came Asma` to ask for her hand as a form of loyalty to his brother Ali who he loved, that Ja`far so did Abu Bakr Siddeeq.

After repeatedly thinking and consider it carefully so he decided to accept the proposal of Abu Talib that he can use the opportunity to help build his sons Ja`far. Then Switch Asma` into household Ali after the death of Fatima Az Zahra and it turns out he also has the best husband in the mix. Asma` always thinking about the high status in the eyes of Ali until he often repeated in every place, "Among women who had a lust has deceived you, then I do not trust among women exceeds Asma` bint Umais".

God gives mercy to Ali the son of Asma` named Yahya and Aunan, pass, day after day and Ali watched the strange sights that men were arguing with his brother Ja`far Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr and each boast of others with said, "I'm better than you and my dad is better than your father." Ali did not know what they were saying? And how to decide between them because he felt sympathy with both? Then nothing can he do but call them the Asma` mother then said: "severing between the two! "With a sharp mind and a deep wisdom, he said:" I do not see a young man in Arabic better than Ja`far and I never saw the old man better than Abu Bakr. "This is what settle their affairs both and return both the boy embracing each other and play together, but Ali was amazed with the good decisions taken Asma` to his children, with his wife's face, he said: "You do not leave the slightest O Asma` us?" With intelligence high and extraordinary courage plus noble manners, he said: Of the three choices, you are still under the kindness of their kindness. "

Ali did not feel strange with her intelligent answers, then he said the knight and morality principal said: "If you do not respond with the answer surely I reproach you."

Finally the mislimin chose Ali as Caliph after Uthman ibn Affan, then for the second time Asma` be the wife of a caliph who this time is Rasyidin fourth Caliph, may Allah be pleased with them all.
Asma` participate responsibility as the wife of caliph for Muslims in the face of great events. Similarly, Abdullah ibn Ja`far and Muhammad bin Abu Bakr stood beside his father in order to defend the truth. Then, after a lapse of some time wafatlah his son Muhammad bin Abu Bakr and the disaster brought a great influence on his personality, but Asma` woman unlikely mukminah Islamic teachings with screaming and wailing and others are forbidden in Islam . Nothing he do besides trying to be patient and for help with patience and prayer to the suffering he experienced. Asma` always harbored grief to her breasts to bleed.

Not to mention the change until the pain worsens and becomes weakest him quickly and then he died. Who lived just a badge of honor in recorded history after he carves the best of examples in terms of wisdom, patience and strength.

- Book Nisaa 'Haular Rasuul, works Mahmud Mahdi al-Istanbuli and Mustafa Abu-Nasr an ash-Syalabi.

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