Although Sawda bint Zam'a less popular than the other wives of the Prophet, he still includes women who have a noble dignity and high status with Allah and His Messenger. He had joined the jihad in Allah's way, and includes women who first migrated to Medina. Life journey full of good role models, especially for women afterwards. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa salam. marriage is not solely because of their wealth and beauty, because he does not belong to a beautiful woman and rich. The views Rasulullah is the spirit of jihad in Allah's way, his brain intelligence, which is always a good course of his life, faith, and sincerity to Allah and His Messenger.
She is a Widow
We have seen that in the years of sadness at being death by Abu Talib and Khadija, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wassalm. rnasa experiencing difficult. Such conditions are used if the Quraish to rnenyiksa kaurn Prophet and the Muslims. In recent years, felt the trials and sorrow came very large and turns.
At that time, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wassalm. thinking of returning to Thaqif or Ta'if, with the hope that people in the Taef obtain guidance to Islam and helped him. However, the public Thaqif flatly refused his presence, even they ordered their children pelted him with stones, till both his heel injury and bleeding. Nevertheless, he remains patient, even still pray for them to obtain guidance.In a state of loneliness after the death of Khadija, it happened Isra 'Mi'raj. The angel Gabriel brought the Prophet to Baitul Maqdis with Buraq vehicle, then headed to the seventh heaven, and there he witnessed the signs of God. When he returned to Mecca, he headed the Kaaba and gather people to listen to the story of his journey's amazing. The Pagans who heard the story does not believe it, even making fun of him, Bertambahlah barriers and obstacles that he must face. In such conditions, arose Sawda bint Zam'a who fought and continue to support the Prophet, then he became the second wife of the Prophet after Khadija.
There are some stories that accompany the marriage of the Prophet with Sawda bint Zam'a. Tersebutlah Khaulah bint Hakirn, one Mujahid first woman to Islam. Khaulah is Ustman bin Madh'um wife. He is known as an opinionated woman who is strong, brave, and intelligent, so he has value to the Prophet.
Through sensitivity and tenderness nature, Khaulah really understand the conditions that desperately need a companion of the Prophet, which will maintain and oversee his affairs and nurture Umm Kulthum and Fatimah after Zainab and Ruqayah married. At first, Uthman ibn Madh'um less agreed with Khaulah thinking, fearing it would increase the burden of the Prophet, but he would not give in.Then Khaulah see the Prophet and asked directly about the people who will rnengurus his household.Carefully, he listened to the entire statement Khaulah because this is the first time anyone in the household concerned that his condition was very busy in spreading the religion of Allah.
He saw that what is disclosed Khaulah contains the truth, so he asked, "Who did you choose me?" He replied, "If you want a girl, she is Aisha bint Abu Bakr, and if what you want is a widow, she is Sawda bint Zam'a. "Prophet Sawda bint Zam'a given name, which has since become Muslim so many bear the burden of the struggle to spread Islam, so his choice fell on Sauda. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wassalm. choose a widow whose name is only known by a few people. His marriage to him is not driven by the desire to satisfy lust, but rather because the Prophet sure that Sauda can participate and keep family and his household after Khadija's death.
If we diligently mdnyimak some historical record of the life of the Prophet related to Sawda bint Zam'a, we will find some information about the figure Sauda. Sauda is a tall woman, plump, not pretty, not too rich. She is a widow whose husband died. Prophet chose as his wife because of the levels of solid faith. He was among the first women who converted to Islam and endures hardship.
Nasab and her Islam
Sawda bint Zam'a whose full name Sawda bint Zam'a Syamsin son of Abdi, the son Abdud of Quraish Amiriyah.
This Nasab met with the Prophet at Luay bin Ghalib. Among his family, he is known to have brains and broad-mindedness. The first time he was married with children of his uncle, Syukran bin Amr, and be a faithful wife and sincere. When the Prophet spread Islam openly, her husband, Syukran, including those who first received the guidance of Allah. He embraced Islam along with a group of people of Bani Qais bin Abdu Syamsin.
After allegiance in the presence of the Prophet, he went to see his wife, Sauda, and preach about Islam and embraced the new religion. The brilliance of mind and heart causing rapid Sauda further understand the teachings of Islam to follow her husband to become a Muslim.
Moved to Habbasyah
Islamic Syukran, Sauda, and some people who follow in their footsteps result in ridicule, persecution, and exile from their closest relatives. Therefore, Syukran see the Prophet along with some families who had converted to Islam, like his brother (Saud and Hatib), nephew (Abdullah ibn Amr ibn Sahil), plus siblings Sauda (Malik bin Zum'ah). Prophet advised that they remain firmly adhered to the faith and suggested that they move to Habasyah, follow the brethren who had first moved, such as Uthman ibn Affan and his wife, Ruqayah bint Muhammad. Finally, the Muslims decided to move. Among the Muslims who migrated to two to Habasyah, there Sauda who also feel the pain of leaving the hometown and the difficulty of traveling and bad weather to uphold religious believes.
In Habasyah they were welcomed and treated well by King Habasyah despite their different beliefs, so a few days they become a king. However, a sense of longing and desire to see the face of the Messenger of whack them. While waiting for the right time to return to Mecca, they passed the time by remembering the warmth come together with the Prophet and the brethren in Mecca. When he heard Umar Islam, they are welcomed with joy. Imagine, Umar is Quraysh leaders are respected. Therefore, they decided to return to Mecca with the hope Umar can guarantee their safety and disruption of the Quraysh. Among those who come back are Syukran bin Amr. However, on the way, Syukran fell ill because of hunger since his feet on the ground Habasyah. Finally he died on the way towards Mecca.
How sad feeling when Sawda bint Zam'a heard her husband died. Just as he mengalarni how sad to leave home, the difficulty of traveling to Habasyah, ridicule, and persecution of people of Quraysh, now she must feel sad husband left. He felt lost someone who had been with him in the jihad in Allah's way.
Grace of Allah
Sawda bint Zam'a bear all the pain it with resignation and fortitude, and leave it all up to God to always expect His good pleasure. He returned to Mecca as the only widow, with estimates that the condition of the Muslims in Makkah had improved after some Quraysh leaders expressed embraced Islam. However, turned out to injustice Quraish remained rampant. In such conditions, there is no other choice but to return to her father's house, Zum'ah bin Qais who still embraced ancestors.However, Zum'ah bin Qais still receive and rnenghormati daughter. Not the least he tried to persuade her to leave and re-embraced Islam ancestral beliefs.
When Khaulah bint Hakim tried to find a wife to the Prophet, he called the name of Sauda. Within Sauda, the Prophet did not meihat beauty, but rather see that Sauda is a woman who patiently, Mujahidah who moved with the Muslims, and to become a leader in the home of his father who was idolatrous. Therefore, the Prophet moved marry and make it as a wife who will ease the burden of his life. Khaulah meet Sauda and convey the good news that not all women are endowed by God as wives of the Prophet as well as being the most noble human wife and his chosen servants. When meeting with Sauda, Khaulah yelled, "What the hell have you done so God blessed you with yahg favor of this? Prophet sent me to woo thee for him. "Indeed, it is great news. Sauda never dreamed of honor for it, especially after people dumped him because of the death of her husband.
Noble Prophet will really make it as a wife. With compassion he approved the request and ask Khaulah meet his father. After Zum'ah bin Qais know who would woo her, and Sauda had already agreed, direct receipt of the application, and then asked the Prophet Muhammad came to his house. Prophet fulfill the joint invitation Khaulah, and the marriage was done well.
Being in the House of the Prophet
Sauda began to enter the household of the Prophet, and in it she felt a great honor as a woman. He took care of Umm Kulthum and Fatimah like caring for their own children. Umm Kulthum and Fatima Sauda appreciated and treated well.
Sauda has a gentleness and patience that can entertain the heart of the Prophet, while giving spirit. She did not expect him to align with Khadija in the heart of the Prophet. He was quite satisfied with his position as the wife of the Prophet and Ummul-Mumineen. Softness and sweetness said he could replace the not so beautiful face, body fat, and old age. Whatever he did solely to eliminate the grief of the Prophet. At times he narrated the hadith him to show his love in the presence of the Prophet.Several months Sauda were in the family tengahtengah Prophet. Intimacy and harmony began to exist between himself and the Prophet. He never did anything that could hurt the Prophet. But, basically, he has not been able to fill the void heart of the Prophet, even though he has gained an abundance of love and he, so some time later down the revelation of God who commanded the Prophet married Aisha bint Abu Bakr who was still very young. Prophet went to Abu Bakr and explain the meaning of God's revelation to him. With great eagerness, Abu Bakr accept his daughter married to the Prophet, and he sent Aisha meet him. After seeing Aisha, he announced a proposal to Aisha.
So, what do Sauda attitude when knowing the engagement He willingly and did not have the slightest feeling of jealousy. He gave up the honey in the middle of the family of the Prophet. He felt quite proud of the title of the Mother-Mumineen, can love the Prophet, and can believe in teaching, so he is not affected by worldly interests.
Moved to Medina
The first time the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wassalm. migrated to Medina without family. After settling in a house, he sent someone to bring her family, including Sawda bint Zam'a. Together with Umm Kulthum and Fatimah, Sauda to Medina, and it is the second exodus to Habasyah. The difference is, now he moved toward Muslim countries where people already loyal allegiance to the Prophet.
After Nabawi mosque in Yathrib was completed, was built next to the house of the Prophet in the mosque. At home that Sauda and daughters of the Prophet lived, until Umm Kulthum and Fatimah love Sauda such as the mother's own. After Is1am community in Yathrib formed and places of worship was completed, Abu Bakr reminded the Prophet to immediately marry her, "Are not you going to build your family, O Messenger of God?"
When the Prophet's life is preoccupied by the da'wah and jihad in Allah's way, so that private interests could not unthinkable. When Abu Bakr reminded him, then he realized and soon married Aisha. Then he built for Aisha room adjacent to the room Sauda.
Her life attitude
The history of many noted Sauda attitude towards Aisha bint Abu Bakr. His face was always cheerful and always soft-spoken, even he often helped settle the affairs of Aisha, so Aisha loves Sauda. Such was his love for the Prophet is very closely attached at the base of the heart. Everything he intend to acquire the willingness of the Prophet through the sincere devotion to his family, with no complaints. For him, the greatest pleasure in the world is seeing the Prophet happy and laughing. Aisha said, "No woman, whom I love to hang out with him besides Sawda bint Zam'a, because he has a privilege that no other woman dimiiki." It is a recognition of Aisha, a woman whose mind is intelligent and always lucid, who always want to be with Sauda in jihad, faith, patience, and persistence. Sauda gave up the nights turn to Aisha solely to earn the good pleasure of Allah. Aisha narrated, when the age of Sauda increasingly elderly and the Prophet wanted to divorce, Sauda said, "Please do not divorce me. I want to always gather with your wives. I'm willing to give up my nights to Aisha. I'm no longer want anything unusual desirable women. "Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wassalm. any attack.
Actually, the Prophet wanted to divorce Sauda nicely so Sauda has no problem with his wives others. However, Sauda want Prophet remained tied until the end of his life so that he can get together with the wives of the Prophet. That was what led to his marriage to the Prophet retaining Sauda.Sauda accompanied the Prophet in the Battle of Khaibar. Typically, before leaving for battle, the Prophet's wife first raffle that will accompany him. In Khaibar, the lot fell on self Sauda, and this time with a companion of the Prophet patient. In this war a lot of difficulties experienced Sauda, because many Muslims were martyred before God give them victory. In victory, the Muslims gained much booty that they had never experienced in other wars. Sauda also get a share of this booty. In this battle of the Prophet married Safia Bint also Huyay bin Akhtab. Heard it was Sauda remain willing and accept the presence of Safia because his heart clean of jealousy and envy.
Sauda perform the Farewell Pilgrimage along with the wives of other Apostles. After the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa salam. died, Sauda never again perform the pilgrimage for fear of violating the provisions of him. Some time after the Farewell Pilgrimage, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa salam. seriously ill. He asked for the approval of his wives others to stay in the house of Aisha. When the Prophet pain, Sauda never ceasing to visit him and help Aisha until he died. After he died, he decided to worship and draw closer to God. Parts and treasury treasure she channeled mostly in the way of Allah with sheer expect His good pleasure.
He never left his room except for urgent needs. At times like that of Abu Bakr always see her because he knows that Sauda very loving daughter.
During the caliphate of Umar, Sauda remain aloof to serve until his death. Most history states that he died in the 19th year of Hijrah, while there is also a history of saying that he died on the 54th move. More mendekari truth is the first opinion, since the time of the Prophet was Sauda has included old.
Nature and primacy
It possessed special Sauda is strength and steadfastness in bearing the pain, such as expulsion, penganiayian, and other forms of injustice, both coming from the Quraysh as well and his own family.
It was not easy as he did, because the journey that must be gone through it very difficult and heavy feeling when I have to leave the family and hometown.
Noble qualities which are also prominent of which is patience and pleasure accept God's will when he died, had to return home parents who still idolaters, until the Prophet chose to wife. During his stay in the middle of the Prophet, faith and piety increases. She grew diligent worship.
Clearly, the level of faith is above the average human. In his heart there was never any jealousy towards other wives of the Prophet.
Sauda was known for his generosity and love charity. In most history Sauda most fond of saying that the charity in Allah's way, both when the Prophet was alive and in the next period, ie during the Caliphate of Abu Bakr and Umar.
Cheerful and pleasant demeanor he devoted to entertain the Prophet. Character as it is a good model for any wife to this day. May Allah be with Hazrat Sawda bint Zam'a and may Allah give him a decent place in his side. Amen.
Additional other stories
She was the first woman to be married by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam after the death of Khadijah, the wife became only the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam until Shalllallahu Prophet 'alaihi wa sallam entered marriage with Aisha.
Before she married Rasulullloh sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, Sauda has been married to Sakran bin Amr Al-Amiry, they are both converted to Islam and later emigrated to Habasyah along with other Companions entourage.
When Sakran and his wife Sauda arrived in Habasyah then Sakran fell ill and died. Then be Sauda widowed. Then came the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam saudah proposed and accepted by saudah and marry the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam with Sauda during Ramadan.
Sauda is a fun type of a wife by her husband joked freshness, as the story narrated by Ibrahim an-Nakha'i saudah Allaah said to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, O Messenger of Allah, last night I pray behind you, when bowing your back touching the nose hard, then I hold my nose because I'm scared out of blood, then the Prophet laugh. He said: Sauda used to make the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam laugh with jokes. (Thabaqoh Kubra 8/54).
When Sauda was old Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam determined to divorce itself, then saudah said to the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam. O Messenger of Allah thou shalt not divorce me, not I still want men, but because I wanted to be raised in a state to be your wife, then ordain me to be your wife, and I give my day to Aisha. Then the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam granted the petition and keep it became one of his wives to the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam died. In this case came down verses of the Qur'an, which means: "And if a woman worry nushuz or indifferent attitude of her husband, then it does not matter to both hold peace in truth, and peace was better .." ( QS. An-Nisa ': 128). (Sunan Tirmidhi 8/320 with sanad hasan Ibn Hajar in al-Ishabah 7/720).Aisha said: Sauda asked permission from the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam at night time to leave Muzdalifah to Mina before urged packed in humans, is a tough woman if she goes, really, if I ask for permission to really more I like than those who dilapangkan. (Thabaqah Qubra 8/54).
Aisha said: I never saw a woman I most wanted to be him than Sauda bint Zam'ah, when he is old he gave turn of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam to Aisha. (Saheeh Muslim, 2/1085).Among the virtue of obedience and loyalty Sauda is very to the Prophet. When the Farewell Pilgrimage the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said to his wives: This is the time of pilgrimage for you then after this you should refrain at your homes, then after the death of the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam, Sauda always at home and no Hajj again until he died. (Sunan Abu Dawud 2/140).
Aisha said: After descending paragraph about hijab, saudah out at night to fulfill his business, he was a great woman of high stature so easy to distinguish from other women at that time. When Umar saw it and said: O Allah's sake saudah we can still recognize you, then take a look at how you get out, then Sauda right back and went to the Prophet who at that time in the house of Aisha, when the Prophet was having dinner, in his hand a piece of meat , then go Sauda and said to him: Messenger of Allah, verily I went out for my needs in a state as hijab but Umar said this and that, then when it came down revelation to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, and then he said: Surely you have allowed for the women to get out perform hajatmu .. (Sahih Bukhari and Muslim).Sauda is famous also with zuhud, when Umar send him a container of dirhams, when up to him then divided them out (Thabaqah kubra 8/56 and classed as saheeh isnaad by Ibn Hajar in al-Ishobah 7/721).
Sauda includes a row of wives of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam who keep convey sunnah and the sunnah of the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam. Hadith-hadith narrated by prominent priests such as Imam Ahmad, Imam Bukhari, Abu Dawud and Nasa.
Sauda died at the end of the caliphate of Umar in Medina in the year 54 AH. Before he died he left his home to Aisha. May Allah be pleased with her and responded with abundant goodness.
- Book Dzaujatur-Prophet, Joseph Amr work, Publisher Darus-Sa'abu, Riyadh.
- Book Dzaujatur-Prophet, Joseph Amr work, Publisher Darus-Sa'abu, Riyadh.