Friday, 10 April 2015

Uqbah bin 'Amir Al-Juhani

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam arrived at the edge of the old city of Medina after bear the wounds. Medina residents jostle in the streets and in the attic-attic of the house, greet him, while saying the Prophet and takbir, showing their excitement met with the Prophet and his companions, Abu Bakr Siddiq. Teenage girls came out carrying a tambourine, with longing eyes while singing melodious:

Has appeared full highway in our midst,From the crevices of the mountain passes,We must give thanks,Top preachings worship God.
The procession accompanied the Prophet who walked slowly among the ranks of the crowd, surrounded by hearts and full of longing and the outpouring of happy tears.

But unfortunately, 'Uqbah bin' Amir Al-Juhani not watch the parade happily welcomed the arrival of the Prophet. He was lucky not come together the people, because when he went to the desert shepherd of the sheep. He was afraid of the sheep would die of thirst and hunger, because only the sheep that has, as of wealth the world for him.

But the atmosphere was romping quickly infiltrated into all corners of Madinah Al Munawwarah, valleys and hills meet, far and near. And news of joy it up anyway to 'Uqbah bin' Amir Al-Juhani who was tending his sheep away in the desert. Let us listen to 'Uqbah bin' Amir Al-Juhani recounts his meeting with the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi respectfully:When the Prophet respectfully. arrived in Medina, I was tending my sheep. Upon hearing of his arrival, I left the sheep, and immediately went to see him without waiting. After meeting him, I told him, "Mr. inducted
deign me, O Messenger of Allah?"

"Who are you?" He asked.

I replied, "I 'Uqbah bin' Amir Al-Juhani!"

Asked the Prophet, "bai'at how you want. Bai'at Arabi or allegiance Hijrah? "

I replied, "I want to be inducted Hijra."

Then the Prophet membai'atku like bai'at the muhajirin. Then I spend the night at his place. Then I went back to herd the sheep.

We numbered twelve shepherds who had converted to Islam. We live far away from the hustle of the city of Medina, tending sheep in the deserts and valleys. Friends said his neighbor, "It is not good if we do not come to the Messenger every day, to study religion and listen to God's revelation of her. Every day one of us had to go into town to meet him, and we who live should be responsible carries a lamb. "

"All right!" I replied. "Go you came to him alternately one by one. Whose turn it go, let it be me who carries a lamb. A very worried about leaving my children to any of my sheep. "

Comrades go one by one in turn came to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi respectfully. Sheep were left behind, entrusted me to
shepherd. When he came home, I learned her lesson gained from the Prophet. But it was not long before I realized kerugianku, and said to myself, "Fuck! I do not care about these sheep eat or not. With shepherd I felt very lost, because it can not coexist with the Prophet, listening to lessons directly from his mouth without intermediaries. Plainly I left my sheep, and you went to Medina, to live and settle in the mosque, in addition to the Prophet respectfully. "

When making decisions that determine it, never comes to mind 'Uqbah, that at one time he would be a' great scholar among the companions of the great scholars; he will be one Qari (expert read the Qur'an) among the leading reciter; he will be a warlord in between the commander and conqueror who respected, he will be a leader among leaders among leaders who deserve calculated. All that was never imagined him though somewhat shred. In fact, she just imagine the sheep flock, whether sheep was quite maintained or not after him. He went to the center of proselytizing religion Allah, to co-exist with the Prophet, in order to study the noble religion of the Apostles. He never realized would be the pioneer army that will free up capital of the world at that time, namely Damascus, and will inhabit the castle in a beautiful green park near Bab Tuma.

He also never imagined iota will become a commander, conqueror lush jewel beautiful world, namely Egypt; will be the ruler of the country, and will build a palace for him. All that is only stored in the supernatural; no one knows except Allah Subhanahu wa ta'ala.

'Uqbah bin' Amir Al-Juhani alongside the Prophet respectfully. like the shadow of the man. He holds the reins and led bighal Prophet where he went. He walked in front of each of his traveling. Sometimes the Prophet bum her times in the back, so that 'Uqbah friends dubbed "radif Prophet" (pillion Prophet). even the Prophet had also dropped from bighal, and invited 'Uqbah driving bighal. While the Prophet walk beside him.

'Uqbah told me: At one point I was guided bush bighal Prophet in Medina. He asked me, 'Hi' Uqbah! Why do not you want to ride the vehicle ?! "

I'm actually about to answer, no. But I fear disobedience to the Messenger. Then I said, "Well, yes Prophet!"

Prophet fell from the vehicle, and I rode replace, to fulfill his desires. While he was walking. Not long after I got off, and the Messenger of riding. He asked me, 'Hi,' Uqbah! Are you like I teach you two pieces of mail that has no equal? ​​"

"Of love, O Messenger of Allah!" I replied.Then he read me the letter "Al Falaq" and "An Naas".

After the prayer time arrives, he read the second letter in the prayer. He said, "Read the letter that every you want to sleep, and when waking from sleep."

The word 'Uqbah continue, "Since then, I always read the two letters in my life, in accordance with the instructions of the Prophet respectfully."

'Uqbah bin' Amir Al-Juhani second major focus on the most important fields, ie fields of science and jihad. He
plunge two fields with the whole body and soul. In fact, he did not hesitate to sacrifice everything and tirelessly to obtain both.

In the field of science he drank straight from the source of pure and holy, that the Prophet respectfully. so he managed to become experts read the Quran (able to read correctly and fashih, memorize, understand the meaning and purpose), an expert hadith, fiqh scholars, experts fara-IDH, in addition he became a poet / writer, fashih, and poet. She has the most beautiful voice among the experts read the Quran. When the day is far late at night, the atmosphere was calm, quiet and still, then diambillah Qur'aan, then read sacred texts whose meaning is clear and straightforward. Stirred the hearts of friends and subject when listening to the melodious recitation thrilling. So that their tears streaming down because of fear of Allah Subhanahu wa ta'ala.

'Umar Khattab bun ever called' Uqbah, and said, 'Hi,' Uqbah! Please read me the verses of the Qur'an!

"Well, yes Amiral Mu'minin!" Answered 'Uqbah obedient.So reading Qur'an. 'Umar wept tears, so wet beard.

'Uqbah left a work of his own manuscripts. The Mushhaf recently still there in Egypt, at a university (Jami'ah) are known as the "Jami'ah 'Uqbah Ibn' Amir" (University 'Uqbah Ibn' Amir). At the end of the Mushhaf included the phrase, "Katabahu 'Uqbah bin' Amir Al-Juhani" (Written by 'Uqbah bin' Amir Al-Juhani). Mushhaf is the oldest among all Mushhaf which can be found, but we neglect to maintain it.

In the field of jihad, he fought together Prophet in battle of Uhud and wars after that. He was a prominent military strategist who could disrupt enemy defenses in many wars. In the battle to conquer Damsyiq he got injured, seriously injured.

Then Commander Abu 'Ubaidah sent her to Medina as a special courier, to forthwith report to the Caliph' Umar. Eight days eight nights (Friday to Friday) he raced relentlessly, so the Caliph 'Umar receive good news on victories achieved the Muslims.

Then he was appointed to be an officer in the army of the Muslims to conquer Egypt. Then the Commander of the Faithful - when it Mu'awiya ibn Abu Sufyan - appointed him governor in the country. After holding that position for three years, Mu'awiya assign him in battle to conquer Rodhes in the Mediterranean Sea. Due to the frequent 'Uqbah bin' Amir fought, causing him a lot of real stories keep fighting experience, which he told the Muslims. He was an archer sniper. If he wanted to play or exercise, then he exercise while practicing archery.

When 'Uqbah sick dying, he was in Egypt. He gathered his children and he intestate: "O my children! I forbid you to do three cases. So stay away from all three. First: Do not accept the hadith of the Prophet except from those who tsiqqah (unbelievable). Second: Do not owe, even your clothes in tatters. Third: Do not write sya'ir (poem), causing your heart heedless of the Qur'an. "

He was buried at the foot of the hill Al Muqaththam. After they check his legacy, among others, there are seventy-seven bow. Each arc has a horn (as the arrows). 'Uqbah intestate, so bow-bow was used by the Muslims in jihad fi sabilillah.

May Allah bestow light to face 'Uqbah, a reciter. 'Alim, and warlords. And may Allah give reward to reward excellent. Amen !!! 

- Book Shuwar min Hayaatis Shahabah, Doctoral work 'Abdurrahman Ra'fat Basya.

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