Sunday, 12 April 2015

Zaynab bint Khuzayma (Died 1 H)

Full name is Zainab bint Zainab Khuzaimah bin Haris bin Abdillah bin Amr bin Abd Manaf ibn Hilal bin Amr bin al-Hilaliyah Sha'shaah. Priately dubbed her mother Hind bint Harith bin 'Auf bin Hamathah.

Based on the origin of his offspring, he belonged to a family who respected and admired. Date of birth is not known with certainty, but there is a history that he was born before the thirteenth year of prophethood. Before embracing Islam he was already known by the title of Mother of Masakin (mother of the poor) as described in the book of Ibn Saad Thabaqat that Zainab bint Khuzaimali bin Haris bin Abdillah bin Amr bin Abd Manaf ibn Hilal bin Amr bin al-Hilaliyah Sha'shaah is Umm-Masakin. The Gclar bears since the time of ignorance. Ath-Thabary, in the book As-Samthus-Samin fi Manaqibi Ummahatil Mumineen also be explained that the Messenger. married before he married with Maimunah, and when he was already known as Umm al-Masakin since the days of ignorance. Based on this it can be concluded that Zainab bint famous Khuzaimah generosity awareness in nature, generosity, and the nature of the manners of the poor people that he preferred instead to himself. The properties already tertanarn in him since embraced Islam although at that time he did not know that people are good, sponsors, and donors will receive a reward from God.

Islam and Her marriage 
Zaynab bint Khuzayma. including a group of people who first converted to Islam from among women. Who encouraged him to convert to Islam are reasonable and good thoughts, rejecting polytheism and idolatry and always abstain from acts of ignorance.

The narrators have different opinions about the names of the first and second husband before she married the Prophet. Most narrators said that the first husband of Zainab is Thufail bin al-Harith bin 'Abd al-Muttalib, who later divorced him. He married again with Ubaidah ibn Harith, but he was killed in the Battle of Badr or Uhud. Most narrators said that her second husband was Abdullah bin Jahsh. Actually there are many narrators who express opinions different. However, from a wide range of opinion, the opinion of the most powerful is the history that says that her first husband was the son of Harith ibn Abd Thufail-Muttalib. Because it can not give birth Zainab (barren), Thufail divorced him when they migrate to Madinah. For rerpeck Zainab, Ubaidah bin Harith (brother Thufail) married Zainab. As we know, Ubaidah ibn Harith was one of the navy's most powerful horsemen after Hamza bin Abdul-Muttalib and Ali ibn Abi Talib. The three of them come against the Quraish in the Battle of Badr, and finally Ubaidah martyred in the war.

After Ubaidah died, there is no history that explains about his life up to the Prophet married her. Prophet married Zainab because he wanted to protect and relieve the burden of her life. His heart be melted see Zainab widowed life, while he had known since childhood with soft her weakness against the poor. Scbagai Apostle who bring mercy to the universe, he is willing to put the interests of the Muslims, including the interests of Zainab. Beiau always ask God to live in poverty and die in poverty and collected in Padang Mahsyar with the poor.

Although the Prophet. deny some names or nicknames are known in the days of ignorance, but beiau not deny the nickname "Umm-Masakin" are carried by Zaynab bint Khuzayma.


Umm al-Mumineen Being 

It is not known with certainty the entry of Zaynab bint Khuzayma into the household of the Prophet., Whether before or after the Battle of Uhud. Clearly, the Prophet. marry for love against umamya although not so pretty face Zainab and none of the friends who are willing to marry her. About the length of Zainab was the domestic life of the Prophet was much tendapat difference. One school of thought says that Zainab enters the household of the Prophet for three months, and another opinion eight months. However, that is for sure, the process is very short because Zainab died during the life of the Prophet. In the book sira was not described the cause of death. Zainab died at a relatively young age, less than thirty years, and arguably the prayed.
 
The Apostle's life with, just short. Between 4 to 8 months. Known by the nickname Umm Zainab Masaakiin, because generosity towards the poor. Zainab died, when the Prophet was alive. And the Prophet himself praye the body. Zainablah was first buried in Baqi.
May Allah be with Sayyida Zaynab bint Khuzayma. and may Allah give him a decent place in his side. Amen.


Source: 

- Book Dzaujatur-Prophet, Joseph Amr work, Publisher Darus-Sa'abu, Riyadh.

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