Friday, 10 April 2015

Muawiya bin Abu Sufyan (20 H - 60 H)

Muawiya bin Abu Sufyan ibn Harb ibn Al Qurasyi Umaiah Al Umawi is the founder of Daulat Umaiah in Syria. He was born in Mecca and was hostile to Islam and eventually embraced Islam when the conquest of Mecca (8 H). He had to learn literacy and math, so the Prophet appointed him as his secretary. He served in Syria in the reign of Umar and Uthman. He menentanag Ali and confronted with Ali in war Siffin (37 H / 657M), which ended with an arbitration. He crowned the Caliph (40-60 H / 661-680 M) in which the administrative capital he moved to Damascus. He includes prominent figures in the history of Islamic conquerors, where his conquests to the area in the Atlantic Ocean.

He narrated the hadith of the Prophet as much as one hundred sixty three hadith. Some friends and tabi'in who narrated the hadith from him, among others: Abdullah bin Abbas, Abdullah ibn Umar, Abdullah bin Zubair, Abu Darda ', Jarir aI-Bajali, Nu'man ibn Bashir and others. While among the Successors, among others: Sa'eed ibn al-Musayyib, Hamid bin Abdur Rahman and others.He was one who has the intelligence and patience. Many hadith which states his personal virtue, but of the hadiths that only a few can be accepted.

Imam at-Tirmidhi narrated (he said that this hadith is hasan) of Abdur Rahman bin Abi Umairah (a friend of the Prophet) from the Prophet that he said to Mu'awiya, "O Allah, make him the person who gave the instructions and guidance."

Imam Ahmad in his Musnad narrated from al-Mirbadh bin Sariyyah he said: I heard the Messenger of Allah said, "O Allah teach Mu'awiyah al-Quran and reckoning and protect him from the torment."Ibn Abi Abi Shaybah in Mushannaf and Imam ath-Thabarani in his book al-Kabir narrated from Abdul Malik bin Umair he said: Mu'awiyyah said: Since the Prophet said to me. "O Mu'awiya, if you become king, then do good!" I always wanted office Caliphate.

Mua'wiyyah is a man of tall white and handsome and charismatic. Once Umar saw him and said, "He is the emperor of Arabia."

It was narrated from 'Ali ibn Abu Talib he said, "Do not hate the government of Mu'awiya. Because if you lose him, you will undoubtedly see some heads off of his neck."

Al-Maqbari said: "You are really amazed to Persian and Roman emperor, but you do not care about Mu'awiya! Forbearance used as a proverb. Even Ibn Abid Dunya and Abu Bakr ibn 'Asim wrote a book specifically about patience."

Ibn 'Aun said, "There was a man said to Mu'awiya: By Allah, you should enforce the law with a straight O Mu'awiya. If not, then we who will straighten you! "Mu'awiya said, "With what would you straighten us?"She replied, "With a wooden club!"Muawiyyah replied, "Then we will apply straight."

Qubaishah bin Jabir said: I accompanied Mu'awiya some time, it turns out he is a very patient. I did not meet anyone who patiently as he, no one can pretend to be ignorant of it, as no one is more cautious thereof.

When Abu Bakr sent troops to Sham, he and his brother Yazid ibn Abu Sufyan went there. Yazid died when he was assigned to replace his brother in Sham to be governor. Umar set cemented what Abu Bakr and Uthman define what is stipulated by Umar. Uthman make Sham entirely under his control. He became governor in Sham for twenty years and became caliph also for twenty years.Muawwiyah Bin Abu Sofyan was the scribe of the Prophet when the revelation.

And it was narrated from Imam Muslim in the hadith Sohih Ikrimah bin Ammar, from Abi Zamil Sammak bin Walid Ibn Abbas that Abu Sofyan said: "O Messenger of Allah give three cases to me?" He replied: "yes". He said: "I command that the fight against the infidels as I used to fight the Muslims." He replied: "yes", he said again: "and Muawiyah you make as a writer beside you?" He replied: "yes".

Guarantee Mu'awwiyah in HeavenAl-Imam al-Bukhari narrated in Sohih of Kholid bin Ma'dan and that Umair ibn Mas'ud had told him that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam said: "The first troops than among my people who fought in the sea, it has been confirmed for them ( place in heaven). "

That recorded historical fact that the first fleet to Muslims led by Muawiyah during the reign of Uthman ibn Affan mu'minin something from.

 عن خالد بن معدان أن عمير بن الأسود العنسي حدثه أنه أتى عبادة بن الصامت, وهو نازل في ساحة حمص, وهو في بناء له ومعه, أم حرام, قال عمير : فحدثتنا أم حرام أنها سمعت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: أول جيش من أمتي يغزون البحر قد أوجبوا, قالت أم حرام: قلت: يا رسول الله أنا فيهم, قال أنت فيهم, ثم قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: أول جيش من أمتي يغزون مدينة قيصر مغفور لهم, فقلت: أنا فيهم يا رسول الله, قال: لا. رواه البخاري 2924

قال الحافظ ابن حجر في "الفتح" 6/120: قال المهلب: في هذا الحديث منقبة لمعاوية لأنه أول من غزا البحر ومنقبة لولده يزيد لأنه أول من غزا مدينة قيصر .ا.ه.

Mu'awwiyah is a person who FaqihIn the reign of Umar bin khottob radiallahu anhu never complained to Ibn Abbas a something from 'anh that Muawiyah perform Witr prayer with only one cycles. Ibn Abbas said: "(Let), actually he's a faqih (religious schools)." [Sahih al-Bukhari - Hadith no: 3765]

Muawwiyah are people who prayed to receive guidance.

In a hadith that is deemed valid by Shaykh al-Albani rahimahullah, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam prayed for Muawiyah: "O Allah! Make him the man who led the guidance and give it to his guidance. "[Al-Silsilah al-Shahihah ahadith (Maktabah al-Ma`arif, Riyadh, 1995), hadith no: 1969]

Compliments of Friends To Mu'awwiyah1. Friends of Saad ibn Abi Waqqas large r.a. said: "I never saw a more intelligent judge after Uthman than master's door (he meant Mu'awiya)." (Al-Bidayah wa an-Nihayah volume 8 ms 133)

2. A longer friends Qabishah bin Jabir said: "I never saw a more sponsors, more worthy to rule, more powerful, more meek and more extensive hands in doing good than Mu'awiya". (Al-Bidayah wa an-Nihayah volume 8 M.S. 135)

3. Abdullah bin Mubarak, a famous tabi'in once asked: "What do you think about Mua'awiyah and Umar bin Abdul Aziz, who among them is more important?". Hearing the question Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak rose Pitam and said: "You asked about the comparison between the two of them virtue. For The Sake Of Allah! Dust into the nostrils Mu'awiya because jihad together Prophet was just better than Umar bin Abdul Aziz ". (Al-Bidayah wa an-Nihayah volume 8 M.S. 139)

Compliments of the Ulema to Mu'awwiyah

Imam adh-Dhahabi said that hadist2 Muawiyah history totaling 163 hadith in Musnad Baqiyi (bin Makhlad). Musnad Al Ahwazi been compiled in one volume book Muawiyah. Hadith (Muawiya) agreed that as many as 4 Bukhari, Muslim hadith, and that history by as much as 4 hadith Bukhari and Imam Muslim as much as 5 hadith (Nubala knows best Siyar 3/162)

From Irbadh bin Sariyah said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah said," O Allah, teach Muawiyah science and numeracy and protect him from the torment. "(Narrated by Ibn Hasan Lighairihi Khuzaimah 1938, Ibn Hibban 2278, Ahmad 4/127, and Fadhail Ash -Shahihah 1748, Al-Bazzar 2723, Al Fai in Date 2/345, Att-Thabrani in Al Mu'jam 18/252/628)

Abdur Rahman bin Abi from Umairah Al-Muzanni, said Said, and he was among the Prophet's companions of the Prophet that he prayed to Muawiya, "O Allah, make him pointing and giving instructions, he tunjukilah human and give instructions accordingly." (Hasan Sahih Bukhari narrated in Tarikh 4/1/327, Tirmidhi 2/316, Ibn Asakir 16 / 684-686, and Adh-Dhahabi in Siyar 8/38)

Umar said when he appointed him governor of Sham, "Do not call Muawiyah except with kindness". (Al-Bidayah 8/125)

Ali ibn Abi Talib said, returning from war Siffin, "O people, do not you hate Muawiyah leadership, if you lose him, surely you will see heads hanging from his head (many murder)". (Al-Bidayah 8/134)Ibn 'Umar said, "I do not look after the Messenger of people who are smarter than the human lead Muawiyah."

Said to him, "Even if your father?" He said, "My father Umar better than Muawiyah, but Muawiyah more clever politics of it." (As-Sunnah I / 443 Al-Khallal, Nubala knows best Siyar 3/152, Al-Bidayah 8 / 138)

Ibn Abbas said, "I do not see a more sober state than Muawiyah" (Al-Bidayah 8/138) He also characterize Muawiyah with "faqih" (Sahih Bukhari 3765)

Mujahid said, "If you see Muawiyah, surely you would say: This is the Mahdi." The same remarks also said Qatada (Sunnah I / 438 Al-Khallal)

Zuhri said, "Muawiya work in the reign of Umar bin Khattab years his impeccable bit of it." (As-Sunnah I / 444 Al-Khallal).

Once never told to A'masy about keadlian Muawiyah, then he said, "What would you have if Muawiya?" They said, "O Abu Muhammad is the softness?" He replied, "No, by God, even in justice. "(As-Sunnah I / 437)

Al-Muafa bin Amran was once asked, "O Abu Mas'ud, who is more important: Umar bin Abdul Aziz or Muawiyah?" He immediately angry and said, "A friend is not compared with anyone. Muawiyah are companions of the Prophet, in-law, the author revelation. "(Tarikh Dimashq 59/208)

Ibrahim bin Maisarah said, "I do not see Umar bin Abdul Aziz hit someone except one who denounced Muawiyah, he whipped him with a few lashes." (Tarikh Dimashq 59/211)

Imam Ahmad was asked about someone who Muawiya and Amr bin Ash, "Did he Rafidhah?" He said, "Nobody dared to denounce both but have bad purpose." (Tarikh Dimashq 59/210)

Ibn Al-Maqdisi Qudamah said, "Muawaiyah is the uncle of the believers, the author revelation of Allah, one of the Moslem caliph may Allah be pleased with them." (Lum'atul I'tiqad page 33)

Ibn Taymiyyah said, "The scholars agreed that Muawiyah was the best king in the race, because the four previous leader was the caliphs nubuwwah, while he is the beginning of the king and his leadership is a blessing." (Majmoo 'Fataawa 4/478, 6/232 Sunnah Minhaj)

Ibn Abil Izzi Al Hanafi said, "The first king of the Muslims is Muawiyah, and he is the best king of the Muslims." (Sharh Al-Aqidah al-Tahawiyyah case 722)

Adh-Dhahabi said in his biography, "Commander of the Faithful, the king of Islam. Muawiyah was king beat keshaliman choice of justice. "(Siyar 3/120, 259) ...

Ka'b al-Ahbar said: "There is no one who will rule as the reign of Mu'awiya."

Adh-Dhahabi said: "Ka'b died before becoming Caliph Mu'awiya, it is true what is said Ka'b. For Mu'awiya became caliph for twenty years, there is no rebellion and nothing else like it in his power. Unlike the caliphs who came after. They are many who oppose, even there are some areas that states secede. "

Mu'awiya did revolt against Ali as has been alluded to in advance, and he declared himself caliph. Then he also did revolt against al-Hasan. Al-Hasan finally resigned. Then Mu'awiya became caliph in Rabi al-Awwal or Jumadil Ula, year 41 H. This year is referred to as' Aam Jama'ah (Year of Unity), because in this year Muslims unite in determining the caliph. In the same year Marwan bin Hakam Mu'awiya raised as governor of Medina.

In the year 43 H, city Rukhkhaj and several other cities in Sajistan conquered. Waddan in Barqah and Kur in Sudan was also conquered. In that year also the son of his father Mu'awiya set Ziyad. It -according ats-Tsa'labi- the first decision that considered changing the established laws of the Prophet.

In the year 50 H, Qauhustan opened through war. In the year 50 H, Mu'awiya called to pledge allegiance to his son Yazid as caliph after the crown prince and when he died.

Mu'awiya died in the month of Rajab in the 60 H. He was buried in the Bab al-Jabiyyah and Bab al-Saghir. Mentioned that he reached seventy-seven years. He has some hair of the Prophet and some pieces of nails. He willed that the two objects were in placed in the mouth and eyes at the time of his death. He said, "Do it, and let me see God the Merciful, the Most merciful!".

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