Friday, 10 April 2015

Bilal Ibn Rabah al-Habashi (Died 20 H)

Her name is Bilal bin Rabah, the muezzin Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam, has an interesting story about a struggle for aqidah. A story that will never be boring, though continues to be repeated throughout the ages. The strength of the plot will make everyone still curious to hear it. 

Bilal was born in the as-Sarah about 43 years before the Hijrah. His father named Rabah, while his mother was Hamamah, a black slave woman who lived in Mecca. Because her mother was, some people call Bilal as ibnus-Sauda '(son of the black woman). 

Bilal grew up in the city of Umm Al-Qura (Mecca) as a family-owned slave descendants Abduddar. When their father died, Bilal passed on to Umayyah ibn Khalaf, a key figure of the infidels. 

When Mecca lit a new religion and the great Apostle of Allaah alaihi wasallam start exclamatory sentence echoes the monotheistic, Bilal was among the first people to embrace Islam. When Bilal converted to Islam, on this earth there are only a few people who have embraced the new religion that preceded it, such as Khadija bint Khuwailid Ummul Mu'minin, Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, Ali ibn Abu Talib, 'Ammar ibn Yasir with her mother, Sumayyah, Suhaib ar-Rumi, and al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad.

 Bilal feel the persecution of the idolaters are heavier than anyone. Various kinds of violence, torture, and cruelty to whack him. But he, like other weak Muslims, remain patient exams in Allah's way with patience could rarely shown by anyone. 

Islamic people like Abu Bakr and Ali ibn Abu Talib still have family and tribe who defend them. However, those who are oppressed (mustadh'afun) of the slave and the slave, do not have anyone, so the people of Quraysh tortured him without mercy. Quraish wanted to make torture upon them as an example and a lesson for everyone who wants to follow the teachings of Muhammad. 

The oppressed was tortured by the disbelievers of Quraysh who be very cruel and did not know the affection, such as Abu Jahl that marred her by killing Sumayyah. He was insulting and berating, then plunged his spear in the stomach Sumayyah to penetrate the back, and fell off the first martyr in the history of Islam. 

Meanwhile, brothers in arms Sumayyah, especially Bilal bin Rabah, continue endlessly tortured by the Quraysh. Typically, when the sun is directly over the crown and desert Mecca turned into a fireplace that was intense, the Quraysh began to undress the Muslims are oppressed it, then put the armor on them and let them burned by the sun who was getting hot. Not quite up there, the people of Quraish were whipping their bodies while forcing them to berate Muhammad. 

Sometimes, when torture was so heavy and strength Muslims oppressed increasingly weak to hold it, they follow the will of the people of Quraish who tortured them were born, while his heart remained submissive to Allah and His Messenger, except Bilal, may Allah pleased with her. For him, the suffering it still feels too light compared to the love of God and struggle in His way. 

Quraish most excruciating Bilal is Umayyah ibn Khalaf with the executioner. They hit Bilal naked backs with whips, but Bilal simply said, "Ahad, Ahad ... (God Almighty)." They rest on the bare chest with a large stone Bilal hot, Bilal was just said, "Ahad, Ahad ...." They are increasingly increase his torture, but Bilal still say, "Sunday, Sunday ...." 

They forced Bilal so praised Latta and 'Uzza, but Bilal actually praise the name of Allah and His Messenger. They continued to force him, "Follow what we say!" 

Bilal replied, "My tongue can not say." This answer makes them more intense torture and harsh. 

When feeling tired and bored torture, tyrant, Umayyah ibn Khalaf, Bilal neck binding with rough rope and give it to a number of people are not virtuous and children to pull on the street and dragged along Abthah1 Mecca. Meanwhile, Bilal enjoy the torture he received for defending the teachings of Allah and His Messenger. He continued to extol his great statement, "Ahad ... Ahad ... Ahad ... Ahad ...." He continued repeated them without feeling bored and tired. 

Once, Abu Bakr Rodhiallahu 'anhu bid to Umayyah ibn Khalaf to buy Bilal him. Umayyad raise prices doubled. He thought that Abu Bakr would not want to pay for it. But it turns out, Abu Bakr agreed, despite having issued nine uqiyah gold. 

After the transaction, the Umayyad said to Abu Bakr, "Actually, if you bid until one uqiyah-no, then I would not hesitate to sell it." 

Abu Bakr replied, "If you give up a hundred uqiyah bid-no, then I would not hesitate to buy it."

When Abu Bakr told the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam that he had bought at the same Bilal saved from the clutches of his torturers, the Prophet said to Abu Bakr, "Well, let me be allied with you to pay for it, O Abu Bakr." 

as-Siddiq said, "I have gave him his freedom, Messenger of Allah." 

After the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam allow companions to migrate to Madinah, they immediately emigrate, including Bilal Rodhiallahu 'anhu. On arrival in Medina, Bilal lived one house with Abu Bakr and 'Amir bin fahr. Unfortunately, they are exposed to fever. If the fever subsided somewhat, Bilal reciting couplets longing with a clear voice: 

Duhai unfortunately I, would one tonight 

I spent the night in a tree surrounded Fakh idzkhir and jalil 

Will someday I drink water Mijannah 

Will I see again the mountains of Shama and Thafil 

No need to wonder, why Bilal so crave Mecca and perkampungannya; missed the valley and mountains, because that's where he felt the joy of faith. It was there that he enjoys all forms of torture to gain the pleasure of Allah. There she managed to resist lust and temptation of the devil. 

Bilal lived in Medina with a quiet and away from the reach of the Quraysh were often tortured him. Now, he devoted all his attention to accompany the Prophet once her lover, Muhammad Allaah alaihi wasallam. Bilal always follow the Prophet wherever he goes. 

Always with him during prayer or when to go for jihad. Being with the Prophet like a shadow that never separated from its owner.

When the
Prophet finished building the Prophet's Mosque in Medina and set the azan, then Bilal was appointed as the first call to prayer (muezzin) in Islamic history.
Typically, after the call to prayer, Bilal standing at the door of the house
Prophet exclaiming, "Hayya 'alashsholaati hayya' alashsholaati ... (Let praying, let's make a profit ....)" Then, when the Prophet out of Bilal home and see him, Bilal immediately toss Iqama.

Once, Najasyi, King Habasyah, presented three short spear that includes items of his most special to the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam. The Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam took a spear, while the rest was given to Ali ibn Abu Talib and Omar Ibn al-Khattab, but not long after, he gave it to Bilal spear. Since then, during the Prophet's life, Bilal always carry a short spear it everywhere. He took it in two occasions of prayer 'id (Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha), and prayer istisqa' (please raining), and drove in front of him while praying outside the mosque. 

Bilal accompanied the Prophet of Allaah alaihi wasallam in the Battle of Badr. He witnessed with his own eyes how God fulfilled His promise and helped his army. He also saw the direct killing of the officials of the Quraish who once tortured him severely. He saw Abu Jahl and Umayyah ibn Khalaf fell Berkalang land of the Muslims and the sword pierced his blood flowed freely as the thrusts those who torment them first. 

When the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam conquered Mecca, he walked in front of the green troops along 'the Maiden call heaven', Bilal bin Rabah. When you get to the Kaaba, he only accompanied by three persons, namely Uthman ibn Talha, a key carrier of the Kaaba, Usamah bin Zaid, who is known as the beloved Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam and the son of his girlfriend, and Bilal Ibn Rabah, the muezzin of the Prophet. 

Dhuhr prayers arrived. Thousands of people gathered around the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam, including the Quraysh to Islam at that time, either willingly or forced. Everything witness the great scenery. At the moment it's very historic, the Prophet call Bilal Ibn Rabah in order to ascend to the roof of the Kaaba to carry a sentence of monotheism from there. Bilal implementing the Prophet's command happy, then the call to prayer with a clean and clear voice. 

Thousands of pairs of eyes looked up at him and thousands of tongues follow dikumandangkannya Azaan sentence. But on the other hand, those who do not believe with all his heart, could not harbored envy in the chest. They feel malice had torn their hearts. 

When the call to prayer echoed Bilal came to the sentence, "Ashhadu anna Muhammadan rosuulullaahi (I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah)". 

Juwairiyah bint Abu Jahl muttered, "Truly, God has raised your position. Indeed, we will continue to pray, but for the sake of God, we do not like people who have killed people we care about. "That is, is his father who was killed in the Battle of Badr. 

Khalid ibn Usaid said, "I thank God who have honored my father did not witness the events of this day." Incidentally, his father died the day before Prophet enter Makkah .. 

While al-Harith bin Hisham said, "It got so bad my fate, why I did not die before seeing the Kaaba Bilal rise to the top."

 AI-Hakam ibn Abu al-`As said, "By Allah, this is a huge disaster. A slave descendants Number voiced over this building (the Ka'bah). " 

While Abu Sufyan who are close to them simply said, "I did not say anything, because if I make a statement, even if only one sentence, it would have come to Muhammad bin Abdullah." 

Muezzin Bilal be fixed during the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam life. During that time, the Prophet really like the sound of that while being tortured with such severe torture in the past, he sang the word, "Sunday ... Sunday ... (God Almighty)." 

Shortly after the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam last breath, prayer time arrives. Bilal standing for the call to prayer, while the bodies of  Prophet still wrapped in a shroud and buried yet. When Bilal came to the sentence, "Ashhadu anna Muhammadan rosuulullaahi (I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah)", suddenly his voice broke. He could not lift his voice again. Muslims who attended there was crying, then burst into sobs sound which makes the atmosphere more blue confuse. 

Since the departure of the Prophet Sholallahu 'alaihi wasallam, Bilal could only call to prayer for three days. Each came to the phrase, "Ashhadu anna Muhammadan rosuulullaahi (I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah)", he immediately burst into tears. Similarly, the Muslims who hear it, dissolve in bitter weeping. 

Therefore, Bilal appealed to Abu Bakr, who replaced Sholallahu Prophet 'alaihi wasallam as a leader, so that the call to prayer is not allowed anymore, because he could not do it. Moreover, Bilal also requested permission to him to get out of the city of Medina with a reason for jihad in Allah's way and fought to the Sham region. 

Initially, as-Siddiq feel free to grant requests at the same Bilal allow out of the city of Medina, but Bilal urged him, saying, "If you had bought me for the sake of yourself, then you are entitled to arrest me, but if you have memerdekakanku for God, then let me freely to Him. " 

Abu Bakr replied, "By Allah, I actually bought you to God, and I memerdekakanmu also because of God." 

Bilal replied, "Well, I would never call to prayer for anyone after the Prophet Sholallahu 'alaihi wasallam died." 

Abu Bakr replied, "Well, I grant it." Bilal left Medina with the first troops sent by Abu Bakr. He lived in the area Darayya located not far from the city of Damascus. Bilal really do not want the call to prayer until Umar Ibn Khattab arrival to Sham region, which again met with Bilal Rodhiallahu 'anhu after a long time apart. 

Umar missed a meeting with Bilal and put so much respect to him, so that if there is no mention of the name of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq in front of him, then Umar replied immediately (which means), "Abu Bakr is our master and has freed our master (ie Bilal). " 

In the meeting, a number of Bilal's friends urge to want the call to prayer in the presence of al-Faruq Umar Ibn Khattab. When a loud voice Bilal was back sounds the call to prayer, Umar could not stop crying, so she began sobbing, followed by all the companions who were present until their beard wet with tears. Bilal voice their desire to stir up all lifetimes passed in Medina with the Messenger of Allaah be upon wasallam..BiIal, "Maiden call the sky", remain in Damascus until his death. 

- Shuwar min Hayaatis Shahabah, work, Doctor 'Abdurrahman Ra'fat Basya.

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