Sunday, 19 April 2015

Umm Salamah (Died 59 H)

Umm Salamah, Ummul-Mumineen is a strong personality, beautiful, and charming, and has the spirit of jihad and patience in the face of temptation, especially after parting with her husband and children. Thanks to the maturity of thought and precision in making a decision, he get glorious position on the side of the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wasallam .. In the Faithful Ummahatul sira explained about the many noble attitude and important events that can emulate him the Muslims, good attitude as a wife who always keep the family honor as well as fighters in Allah's way.

His real name was Hind bint Umm Salamah Suhail, known as Umm Salamah narna. He grew up in the aristocratic circles of the Quraysh tribe.

His father named Suhail bin Mughirah bin Makhzurn. Among his people, Suhail known as a philanthropist so called Dzadur-Rakib (host pilgrim) because he was always entertaining everyone who accompanied him on the trip. He is the leader of his people, richest, and most authority. Mother of Umm Salamah bint named Atikah Amir ibn Malik ibn Rabi'a bin Jazimah ibn al-Kananiyah Alqamah from Bani Faras.

Thus, Hind was raised in an environment that is revered and respected nobleman. Beauty melt everyone who saw him and his personal kindness has been ingrained since childhood.

Marriage and struggle 
Many young people who want to marry Hind Mecca, and who managed to marry is Abdullah bin Abdul Asad bin Hilal bin Abdullah bin Umar bin Makhzum, a famous horseman of the heroes of the Banu Quraysh tribe brave. His mother named Barrah bint Abdul-Muttalib bin Hashim, aunt of the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. Abdullah was the brother of the Prophet sesusuan Tsuwaibah, slave of Abu Lahab. They live happily, and their households covered harmony and prosperity.Not long after that, the propagation of Islam appealed to them so that they embraced Islam and became the first of people with Islam. Similarly, Hind, he classified first people to Islam, and together with her husband started the struggle in their lives.

The Quraish always annoying and torturing the Muslims so that they leave Islam and return to the religion of their ancestors. Seeing such conditions, the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. allow them to move to Habasyah, so they are referred to as the first muhajirin. They settled in Habasyah, and there Hind bear his children: Zainab, Salama, Umar, and Durrah.

After some time, they intend to return to Mecca, especially after hearing the Islamic two important figures of Quraysh, Umar and Hamza bin Abdul-Muttalib. However, it turns out the torture continues, even grow powerful. To maintain the honor of himself and his family, Abu Salamah asked for protection of Abu Talib (uncle of the Prophet) from the torment of his people, that Bani Makhzum, and Abu Talib declared protection.

Coming trials
Because the people of Quraish still torturing the Muslims, God finally opened the hearts of Medina to accept Islam. Then the Prophet allowed the Muslims to migrate to it, either as a group or individually. Abu Salamah, the wife, and his son (Salama) moved there. Along the way they were intercepted by the Bani Makhzum (clan Umm Salamah) who then robbed and hostage Umm Salamah. Family Abu Salamah (Banu Asad) intervened and they refused to surrender Salamah, even the child seized and taken away from his mother. While Bani Makhzum Umm Salamah kidnapped and imprisoned. The Abu Salamah left to Yathrib with a heart full of sadness at having to part with his wife and son.

Such circumstances walked less than a year old. Umm Salamah constantly crying because of disappointment over the conduct of his people, so that finally there is a man of his people who took pity and let Umm Salamah followed her husband in Medina. The Banu Asad handed back his son, Salamah, to her. However, many obstacles he faces, and thanks to a strong belief and desire, he was able to overcome all that and arrived in Medina.

Message Abu Salamah for wife
In defense of Islam, Abu Salamah very big role. He is known to brave in war. Prophet appreciate it with him as the representative of the Prophet in Medina when he was going to lead the troops in the war dhi Asyirah in the second year of Hijra. Abu Salamah participated in the Battle of Badr and Uhud.

When the battle of Uhud, Abu Salamah suffered severe injuries and nearly died, but a few moments later he recovered.

After the Battle of Uhud, the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. mencrima news that the Bani Asad to attack the Muslims in Medina. Before they attack, the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. initiative ahead of them. In this mission, he appointed Abu Salamah to lead the troops, amounting to one hundred and fifty people and included Saad bin Abi Waqash, Abu Ubaidah ibn Jarrah, Amir ibn Jarrah, and others. Forces directed to the Mount Quthn, where springs of Bani Asad. Resounding victory achieved by the forces of Abu Salamah, and they returned to Medina with a lot of booty. In Medina, the wounds of Abu Salamah karnbuh so he had to rest some time. When ill, the Prophet always to visit and pray for him.

Umm Salamah always accompany her husband who is in a state of pain that she cared for and guard day and night. One day, Abu Salamah fever raged, then Umm Salamah said to her husband, "I got benita that a woman who left her husband died, then her husband to go to heaven, his wife will go to heaven, if after that she did not marry again, and God will gather them later in heaven.Similarly, if the wife died, and her husband did not marry again after his death. To that end, let us promise that you will not get married again after me, and I promise you not to marry again after you. "Abu Salamah said," Will you obey my orders? "He replied," As I consulted only to obey. "Abu Salamah said, "If I die, then get married." Then he prayed to Allah "Ya Allah, Bless the Umm Salamah after me someone better than me, that will not be miserable and hurt him."
 In the final seconds of his life, the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. always be on the side of Abu Salamah and always begged his recovery to God. However, God wills other. Moments later death came to pick. Messenger shut the eyes of Abu Salamah with his noble and bertakbir nine times. Among those present there said, "O Messenger of Allah, whether you are in a state of forgetting?" He replied, "I have not in a state to forget, though bertakbir him a thousand times, he is entitled to the takbir." Then he turned to Umm Salamah and said, "Whoever is overwritten a disaster, then just say as has been dperintahkan by God, 'Surely we belong to Allah, and to Him we shall return. O Allah, give me musibahku me in and give me change better than him, then God will do for him. "After the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. prayed: "O Allah, grant fortitude on grief, comfort him of the tragedy that happened to him, and give a better replacement for him."
 Abu Salamah died after struggling for Islam, and he has gained a glorious position on the side of the Prophet. After the death of Abu Salamah, Umm Salarnah overcome with sadness. She became a widow and mother to orphans.

After the death of Abu Salarnah, leaders from among the companions hastened proposed to Umm Salamah. This they did as a mark of respect for her husband and her terhadapat. protect yourself Umm Salamah. Then Abu Bakr as-Siddiq and Umar ibn al-Khattab ask for her hand, but Umm Salamah rejected.

At the moment dogged by grief over her husband who truly loves and yet get the better of him, he was visited by the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. with a view to comfort him and relieve what happened. Prophet said to him, "Ask Allah to reward him on musibahmu and replace you (husband) better." Umm Salamah asked, "Who is better and Abu Salamah, O Messenger of Allah?"

In the House of the Prophet
Prophet began to think about the case of Umm Salamah, a mukminah Mujahidah who have patience, and Umm Salamah also have rejected the proposal of two companions, Abu Bakr and Umar. Prophet was thinking with consideration and compassion to not let it dissolve in grief and solitude.

In such circumstances, the Prophet sent Hathib bin Abi Balta'ah meet Umm Salarnah with his intention to ask for her hand. Then by Umm Salamah receipt of the proposal. How is it possible for him not to accept the proposal of anyone better than Abu Salamah, even better, and everyone in the world.

With the marriage of the Umm Salamah including Ummahatul- among the Faithful, and by the Prophet he was placed in a room that is dubbed Khuzaimah Zainab bint Umm-Masakiin (mother for the poor) to Umm Salama died.

It was narrated by Umm Salamah to us. He said, "I dipersunting by the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam., Then I moved and placed in the house of Zainab (ummul- masakiin)."

Some privilege Umm Salamah is logical acumen, maturity of thought, and correct decisions on many matters. Therefore, he has a great position on the side of the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam., Such as interaction with the Ummahatul-Mumineen which is an interaction that was filled with compassion and gentleness.

Position that the Supreme
Among cases of high station in the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam is what is told Urwah bin Zubair "Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. asked Umm Salamah Fajr prayers in Mecca on the day of slaughter (sacrifices) - whereas when it is day (turn) it. Therefore, the Prophet was pleased on its destination. "
 Likewise hadith bint Umm Kulsum Uqbah entered by Ibn Sa'd in (book) Thabaqat her. Umm Kulthum said, "When the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. married Umm Salamah, Belau said to him, 'Truly I presented to the King Najasyi a vessel containing perfume and blankets. However, I had a dream that King Najasyi it had died, and then I gave him a gift is returned to me. Because returned to me, then the goods are to be mine. "
 As said by the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam., King Najasyi died, and the gift is returned to him. Then he gave to each of his wife each one uqiyah (1/2 liter of Egypt) and he gave (the rest) overall and blankets to Umm Salamah.

After becoming his wife Umm Salamah, the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. put it in the Ahlul-bait. In the history of the matter is that once on a day the Prophet was on the side of Umm Salamah, and the daughter of Umm Salamah was there. Prophet then visited his daughter, Fatima azzahra, accompanied by his two sons, Hasan and Husain ra, then hugged Rasullah Fatima and said, "May the grace of Allah and His blessings poured out on you, O Ahlul-bait. Verily He is the Praiseworthy (more) Supreme Majesty. "

Then cry Umm Salamah. Then the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. inquire about the cause of her tears. He replied, "O Messenger of Allah, you are privileging them while I and my daughter you left off. He said, "Look, you and your daughter, including my family."

Umm Salamah daughter, Zainab, allowed to grow in the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. he was among the women who have extensive knowledge of his time.

Before the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. marry Umm Salamah, the revelation never come down to the Prophet in the room Aisha, who with it Ayesha proud on his wife-stri others. Then after the Prophet married Umm Salama, the revelation came down to him when he was in the room of Umm Salamah.

Some Attitude Shining on Lifespan Umm Salamah
Among his great attitude is what he showed the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. on the (agreement) Hudaybiyah. At that time he accompanied the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. on his way to Mecca to perform Umrah goal, but the idolaters to prevent them from entering Mecca, and there Hudaybiya agreement between the two sides.

However, most of the Muslims felt betrayed and felt that the idolaters wasted a number of rights of the Muslims. Among mayonitas vengeful it was Umar ibn al-Khattab, who said to the Prophet in a conversation with him, "In the case of what we submit our lives in religion?" The Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. replied, "I am the servant of Allah and His Messenger. I will not violate His command, and He will not menyianyiakanku. "

However, signs of mounting danger after the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. told the Muslims carry out the slaughter of sacrificial animals then shave, but none of them carry it out. He repeats his call three times with no response.

He met his wife, Umm Salamah, and told him about the attitude of the Muslims. Umm Salamah said, "O Prophet of Allah, do you want God's command is executed by the Muslims? Come out for you, then do not be talking to a word any of them until you slaughter qurbanmu and call mencukurmu barber. "

Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. and rise up in awe of his opinion that the proposed work as Umm Salamah. When the Muslims saw the Messenger of doing it without telling them, they rise up and slaughter, and some of them began to shave the heads of others without any feelings of grief and remorse for the actions of the Prophet who preceded them.

Umm Salamah has accompanied the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. in many wars, the battle of Khaibar, Liberation of Mecca, the siege of Ta'if, war Hawazin, Thaqif then join with him in Hajj Wada '.

We did not forget about his attitude towards Umar ibn al-Khattab, when Urnar came to him and to talk about the case Ummahatul-Mumineen purposes to the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. as well as their roughness against the Prophet. Then he said, "You were strange, O son of al-Khattab.You have been involved in each case so want to interfere in the affairs of the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. along with his wives? "

After the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. died he always remembering him and greatly mourn his demise. He was always a lot of fasting and worship, not stingy on the science, and narrate the originating and the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam.

His transmission has many hadeeth which is sourced from the Prophet and her husband, Abu Salamah, and of Fatima az-Zahraa While those who narrated from him much at all, among them are children and elders and friends as well as the hadith experts.

Among some real attitude is on the liberation of Makkah. At the time of the Prophet out of Medina-associated troops with the greatness and the amount that has not been seen by the Arabs, so that the idolaters of Quraysh were afraid, and they came out of the house with the Messenger rnaksud to repent and declare their Islam.

Including from them, Abu Sufyan ibn al-Harts bin Abdul-Muttalib (Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wasallam.) And Abdullah ibn Abi Umayya ibn al-Mughirah (son aunt [of the father] Prophet, brother Umm Salamah sebapak). When they both asked for permission to enter the Messenger sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam., He was reluctant to give admission to both due to their harsh torture against Muslims ahead kaurn he migrated from Mecca.

So Umm Salamah said to the Prophet with a feeling of pity for his own family and the family of the Prophet, "O Messenger of Allah, they are both the children and the children parnanmu bibirnu (and father) and in-law." He replied, "There is no need for me with both of them. The children parnanku, I have been treated by him with no good. As a child my aunt (father), and in-law had said in Mecca with what he said. "

The statement has come to Abu Sufyan, the Prophet's uncle child. Then he said, "By Allah, he should let me or I take this child with both hands -at that time he was with his son, Ja'far- then karni to wander the world to die of thirst and hunger."

Then Umm Salamah notify the words of Abu Sufyan to the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. with re-invoke a sense of compassion. Eventually he became melted hearts, and allow both incoming. Then go both and declared Islam and repent before the Prophet.

His attitude towards Fitnah 

Umm Salamah has always been at home, always sincere worship to Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala and keep the Sunnah of our beloved husband at the time (the caliphate) Abu Bakr as-Siddiq and Umar ibn al-Khattab ..

During the caliphate of Uthman ibn Affan he saw the shock situation, and split the Muslims around the caliph. Danger slander sernakin muslirnin culminated in the sky. So he went menernui Uthman and advised that stick to the instructions of the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. as well as the instructions of Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al-Khattab, the user does not deviate and forever.

What happens also feared Umm Salamah, namely the killing of Uthman, who was the middle of reading the Qur'an and the wind was blowing against slander middle kaurn Muslims. At that time Aisha was determined to come out towards Basrah accompanied Talhah and Zubayr ibn al-'Awwam with mass mernobilisasi goal against Ali ibn Abi Talib. Umm Salamah then sent a letter that has a beautiful literature to Aisha.

"From Umm Salamah, wife of the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam., To Aisha Umm al-Mu 'minin.Indeed I praise God that there is no god (God) but Him.

Amma ba'du.

You really have ripped a barrier between the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. and his people who are predetermined keharamannya hijab.

It Qur'an has given glory, then do not you release. And God has to withstand your voice, you shall not niengeluarkannya And God has affirmed to the people if the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi Wassalam. know that women have a duty of jihad (war) undoubtedly he advised you to keep it.

Do not you know that he forbid excesses in religion, because the real pillar of religion can not be strong with the intervention of the woman when the pole was tilted, and can not be fixed by a woman when it is destroyed. Jihad woman is subject to all the provisions, parenting, and pour affection. "

Umm Salamah on the side of Ali ibn Abi Talib because he menggikuti agreement of the Muslims on his election as caliph them. Therefore, Umm Salamah send / sent his son, Omar, to join the war role in the line of Ali.

When Death 

In the 59th year of Hijra, Umm Salamah has reached the age of 84 years. Old age and senility penetrated in accretion age. Allah ta'ala raised holy spirit rises up towards his presence. He died after a life filled with activity by sacrifice, jihad, and patience in the way of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala and His Messenger. He dishalatkan by Abu Hurairah r.a. and was buried in al-Baqi 'cemetery alongside other Ummahatul-Mumineen.

May Allah be with Hazrat Umm Salamah. and may Allah give him a decent place in his side. Amen.
- Book Dzaujatur-Prophet, Joseph Amr work, Publisher Darus-Sa'abu, Riyadh..

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