Monday, 13 April 2015

Maimunah Bint Harith al-Hilaliyah (Died 50 H)

Maimuna bint al-Harith al-Hilaliyah was the wife of the Prophet who loved him sincerely for the ship sailed numah stairs together. He is the only woman who willingly submit to the Messenger destiny when his family lived in the habit of ignorance. Allah has revealed the verse that relates to him:
".. And female believer who gives herself to the Prophet if the Prophet wanted to marry her, as a specialization for you, not for all the believers ..." (QS. Al-Ahzab: 50)

The above verse is God's testimony to ikhlasan Maimunah Allah and His Messenger. How possible Prophet reject women who voluntarily give himself up. It shows the level of piety and faith Maimunah. In addition, she was a descendant of the good. His brother, Umm-Fadhal, was the wife of Abbas bin Abdul-Muttalib (Prophet's uncle) and women who first times convert to Islam after Khadija. Is his half sister Zaynab bint Khuzayma (wives of the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam.), Asma bint Urnais (wife of Ja'far bin Abu Talib), and Salma bint Umais (wife of Hamza bin Abdul-Muttalib).

Nasab, Growing, and Marriage
Full name Mairmnah is bint al-Harith Barrah ibn Hazm bin Bujair ibn Hazm bin Rabiah ibn Abdullah bin Hilal bin Amr bin Sha'shaah. His mother named Hind bint Harith bin Aus bin Zubai bin Hamathah bin Jarsy.

In his family, Maimunah including three brothers who embraced Islam. Ibn Abbas narrated from the Prophet, "Al-Mu'minah are three brothers, Maimunah, Umm-Fadhal, and Asma '." Maimunah born six years before the prophetic, so he knows moments of people migrate to Madinah. He was much influenced by the events of the move, and also much influenced by his older sister, Umm al-Fadhal, who had previously converted to Islam, but he hides his conversion because they feel that the environment is not supportive.

About her husband, many differenced history, but there is also agreement about the origins of their husband and family originating Abdul-Uzza (Abu Lahab). Most of the reports say that her husband's name is Abu Rahm bin Abdul-Uzza, a muysrik who die in a state of shirk. Her husband left Maimunah as a widow at the age of 26 years.

Robustness of Faith
After her husband died, Maimunah can freely express faith and love of the Prophet. So that she willingly gave herself to the Prophet to marry as described by Ibn Hisham in his A1-Ishabah Ibn Hajar from az-Zuhri reference.

On submission of the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam Maimunah respectfully. This has been stated in the Qur'an Surat al-Ahzab: 50. Maimunah live with her sister, Umm Fadhal, Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib wife. Once, to his brother, Maimunah stated intention surrender himself to the Prophet. Umm-Fadhi convey the news to her husband so that Abbas informing him to the Prophet. Prophet sent someone to Abbas to woo Maimunah. Maimunah how excited feeling after knowing the willingness of the Prophet married her.

Dream Come True
In the following year, after the treaty of Hudaybiyah, together with the Muslims Prophet entered Mecca to perform Umrah. In accordance with the agreement Hudaybiya, the Prophet allowed to settle there for riga days, but the people of Quraish refused the request of the Prophet and the Muslims to remain there for more than three days.

The opportunity was used Prophet sallallaahu alaihi respectfully. For married with Maimunah. 
After the wedding, he and the muslirnin leave Mecca.
Maimunah began to enter the domestic life of the Prophet and he was placed in a separate room.

Maimunah his wives treat others with kindness and respect in order to get his eagerness alone.

About Maimunah, Ayesha described as follows. "By Allah, Maimunah is a good woman to us and always keep the relationship between us." He was known to kezuhudannya, piety, and his attitude that always wants to draw closer to God. Narrations also told extensive knowledge mastery.

When Death
In the reign of Caliph Mu'awiya bin Abi Sufyan, coincided with a trip back from Hajj, somewhere near nerves, Maimunah felt his end approaching arrived. When he was eighty years, coinciding with the 61st Hijra. He was buried on the spot as the will is what he said. According to some history, she was the wife of the last Prophet died. May God give the appropriate place in his side. 
- Book Dzaujatur-Prophet, Joseph Amr work, Publisher Darus-Sa'abu, Riyadh.

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