Thursday, 9 April 2015

Abdullah bin Jahsy (Died 3 H)

Abdullah bin Riab bin Yakmur is a friend of the origin of the tribe of Bani Asad, siblings Zaynab bint Jahsh, Mother of Believers. -Law of the Prophet Shalalahu 'alaihi Wassalam died in the battle of Uhud. 

They asked about the war in Haram. Say: "Fighting therein is a great sin; but hinder (men) from the Path of Allah, disbelieve in Allah, (blocking incoming) Haram and evict residents from the surrounding, larger (sin) in the sight of Allah. And do slander larger (sin) of the killing. They did not cease fighting you until they (can) turn you back from your religion (to disbelief), if they can. Whoever among you apostate from his religion, then he died in disbelief, then that's their vain deeds in the world and in the Hereafter, and they are the dwellers of the Fire, to dwell therein ". (QS. Al-Baqarah: 217).

According to some commentators, the verse was revealed regarding the Abdullah bin Jahsh.In the Battle of Uhud, the Quraysh men and women do twelve grudge against the Muslims for their defeat in the Battle of Badr. They act like wild wolves, tearing Hamza bin Abdul Muttalib stomach, uncle of the Prophet, and ate his liver. Abdullah bin Jahsh something from 'anhu; they cut the nose and ears.

Abdullah bin Jahsh something from 'anhu proud because he was the first commanding officer appointed Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wasallam and first commander establishes war victory 1/5 (one-fifth) part to the Prophet before God confirms it.

His father was the son Riab bin Jahsh Khuzaimah al-Asadi, his mother was Amina bint Abdul Muttalib ibn Hashim, and his sister was Zaynab bint Jahsh, the wife of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam. So, he is cousins ​​Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam and his mother, once-in-law.He was born in Mecca, near the House of al-Haram. After he matured then know the way to the Kaaba. He is a long standing in front of the Kaaba, observe pilgrims flocked from all corners of the world.

He saw with his own eyes their sobs, tears of sadness and compassion them, and sadness, as well as their prayers in front of the magnificent Kaaba.

How many times have ears to listen to the moans and whisper them with a variety of languages ​​that do not understand the intent and purpose. At that time, he lay down on the lap of his mother asked anxiously anything he saw.

His mother answered with a sense of affection, rubbing his head and shoulders until he fell asleep. His son was then covered and prayed for God to protect and preserve the Kaaba.

One day, he came to his mother crying sad. He recalled that a group of people has undermined the Kaaba building.

His mother tenderly to her, telling her that they were restoring the building was so gold silver and jewels Mutumanikam is in it is not stolen as a result of damage caused flooding.

At that time, Abdullah see how tough competition between the Arab tribes who scramble want to put the Black Stone in its place, until almost quarrels and wars between them.

Fortunately, finally, they accept the idea of ​​their elders to hand it to the person who first entered the House the next morning, to establish where the tribes who had the honor of putting it.

Apparently, the person who first entered the Muhammad al-Amin, who then he deploying his coat and put the Black Stone was in the middle, then he commanded all the representatives of the tribes were present to hold the ends of the coat and held it close to his place, and he was raised by his and put in place.

After Hajar al-Aswad is put in place, workers continue to work repairing the Kaaba.Since then, Abdullah Muhammad al-Amin loves wholeheartedly and admire the wisdom to solve the problem that almost cause bloodshed among the Arab tribes, and a clever way to include all tribes come to feel honored Hajar al-Aswad lifted into place. Since then, he makes Muhammad as a favorite figure and role model.

Every day, Abdullah tried to accompany and sit with Muhammad to learn more about a variety of things, either through spoken or through his behavior.

On one day, Abdullah did not see Muhammad al-Amin as usual. He was impatient waiting for him, he went knocking on his door. His wife informed him that he was there in the Cave of Hira.He went home with disappointed and saddened by the longing to men adored it. When is the hell he went back to sit with him again ?

In a happy morning, before the dawn, where a gust of wind brought dew points that evokes the life and freshness, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam being prostrate in prayer place, adored and praised the Lord, suddenly he heard a rattling sound of a bell, then the angel Gabriel revelation and commandment, "And, give warning to the nearest kin-kin". (Surat ash-Shu'ara: 214)The sun already showed his face mighty and emit light, dispels rest dew points are still there on the leaves. Meanwhile, Mohammed al-Amin stepped toward Mount Safa, not far from the Kaaba, then shouted, "Good morning, good morning".

Abdullah was still on his back on the bed, her eyes wide open, thinking to meet Muhammad al-Amin in the Cave of Hira, as his wife reportedly, Khadija. Suddenly, he heard the call to the voice of Muhammad, "good morning, good morning" from the top of the hill Shafa, not far from his home. He then threw the blanket and go there.

Apparently, the voice was raised Quraish; all want to know what's coming so early that they were invited.

When they had assembled, he began calling them, "Hi family Ghalib, Luai family, family Murrah, family Kilab, Qushai family, and family Abdu Manaf! If I told you that behind the mountain there is an enemy who might attack you, are you going to trust me? ".

They replied in unison, "Yes, because you never lied to us".

Prophet continued, "So, do not you call (worship) besides Allah any other god, which causes you to include those who punished. And, give warning to the nearest kin-kin, and lower yourself to the people who follow those who believe ". (Surat ash-Syu'araa ': 213-215).

The crowd then dispersed. Some believe and some do not, each defending arguments and truth.Meanwhile, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam return home. Abdullah went back also to bring new words expressed by Muhammad al-Amin was. Apparently, the words to convince his heart, and he went after Muhammad to his house and said they had become Muslim there.

Then he uttered the shahada, and then he took two sisters converted to Islam as well and it turns out they follow in his footsteps, instead he makes one of a room in his house as mushalla to serve with diligence and humility 'to Allaah.

However, the Quraysh had been ridi
ng on his own head. He notice the propaganda war against the merciless and cruel and heinous acts against the mustadh'afin who dared to follow the teachings of Muhammad as well as Abdullah.

Some people mustadh'afin came to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam and asked that God ease the burden that they have suffered. With a little upset, the Prophet said: "By Allah, the people before you were arrested and his body cut in two, but they are not shifted from religion at all. There is another whose body was combed with iron combs between bone and flesh, but it does not force them to switch religions. This will go on until the traveler from Sana 'to Hadramaut not feel daunted else besides Allah or the shepherds are not afraid anymore to livestock from wolves jaws, but indeed you are a people who impetuous ".

Quraish Torture increasingly vicious and cruel. Abu Jahl torturing and persecuting Sumayyah, Ammar's mother something from 'anhu to death, as did her husband, Yasir and his son, Ammar.Of course the news that creates a feeling jittery and nervous at the mustadh'afin because they are not allowed to notice the war against the mustakbirin it. What they should do while Quraish incessantly perform an act of oppression and hostility war ?

They get together with the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam to ask resolved splitting of the threat and the people ferocious jaws and inhumane wild it.

At that moment, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam formulated the idea: "If you want to move to the country Habasyah, there are a king who did not apply injustice to anyone, she honesty country until God opened the spaciousness of your situation today".

Now, they are allowed to move, save himself and his religion to a safer country in order to fulfill his worship freely and quietly.

At that time, Abdullah and the two brothers and two sisters, even with all the members of his family, went to move to the country which meant the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam as honesty country, the king never apply the wrongdoers.

Amr Ibn Ash something from 'anhu relates, "One day, I sat in an assembly-Najasyi, King Habasyah, then sign Amr bin Umayya adh-Dhamari. At that time, he was carrying a letter of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam to King Habasyah it. After he left, I said to Najasyi, 'the mission was our enemy. He who has a stressful situation and make the figures we were half dead. Throw him to us, we will kill him '.

He was furious over the waffle, and he hit my face with hard that my nose feels as if dislodged and bled a great deal to my shirt. I felt humiliated once in the middle of the assembly. It was, I'm more willing to die buried in the ground rather than suffer such embarrassment.

To soften the anger, I said, "If I knew the king would be angry like this, I would not have made such a request".

"Yes Amr, you ask me so I handed the mission of those who get mighty Namus, who never came to Moses' peace be upon him and 'Jesus' peace be upon him. You asked me to hand over its mission to be killed?".

"Since then," said Amr further,

In my little heart there is a change of attitude, then I said to myself, "Arabs and 'Ajam / foreign recognize this truth while you're going to fight." I then ask to him, "What a glorious believe on it?"."Yes, I testify before God, O Amr! Believe me, he is right, he will win over those who fight it, just as Moses' peace be upon him won against Pharaoh and his army".

"What is noble to accept Islam bai'atku entered on his behalf?".

"Yes !, he then held out his hand membai'atku to Islam".

Abdullah and his family live in the country Habasyah the generous royal protection until the news came that said that the Quraysh had realized and converted to Islam, and Abdullah and some other immigrants back to Mecca.

Apparently, news of Islam Quraish was merely a figment of the Quraish disseminated so that the immigrants were returned to face torture and persecution new again.

Abdullah and his family lived for some time in Mecca by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam permit did move back to their homes in Mecca empty, there is nothing in them. After Abu Sufyan see this, then he offered and sold. After the news was heard by family Jahsh, Abdullah informed the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam, the Prophet then said, "O Abdullah! Do not you want God replace you with a better home in heaven? ".

"Of course not," said Abdullah bin Jahsy.Rasulullah sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam asserted, "Well, it's for you later".

After the city was conquered Mecca, Abu Ahmad, brother of Abdullah bin Jahsh, come discuss again about Jahsh family homes sold by Abu Sufyan it, but the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam was stalling problem. Some people then give testimony, "O Abu Ahmad, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam did not like to discuss returning confiscated property from your sake because God".Since then, he no longer wanted to bring up a matter tersebut.Abdullah bin Jahsh was the first commander of the troops sent to the border city of Mecca, causing gunfire and death of Amr al-Hadrami and
to laugh Uthman ibn Abdullah ibn al-Mughirah and al-Hakam bin Kisan, causing outrage the Quraysh. They said: "Muhammad and his companions justify the sacred months".Abdullah followed the Battle of Badr and all subsequent events along the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam to Uhud which apparently Allaah wants to test the Muslims. Abdullah ibn Ubay, head of the munafiqin in Medina, returned to Medina on the way to the third force, but the Muslims urged the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam to stay out of Medina.

Before the war began, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam sitting in a hut made specifically for him.

Umm Salamah come give grilled meat to the Prophet, he started eating. He then gives the wine, and he drank. One of those present and drank and the rest taken by Abdullah bin Jahsh. One asked him, "Do you know where to go in your drink it tomorrow?".

"Yes, I'd like to meet God in a state of satisfied than in a state of thirst," he said as he prayed, "O Allah, I beg that I may gain shahadah in Your way".

According to the son of Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, his father said, "at that time, before the Battle of Uhud flared, Abdullah bin Jahsh asked," Should not we pray to God? ".

They each prayed. Sa'ad prayed, "God, if we meet the enemy tomorrow,
arrange a meeting me with a strong powerful and high emotion. I will kill him and seize his property ".

Abdullah bin Jahsh prayed, "O Allah, I
arrange a meeting tomorrow with a strong strength and high emotions. I would kill for you, then that person kill me, then he cut off his nose and ears. "If you ask me later," Yes Abdullah, why the nose and ears that? ". I would reply," He was cut by the people because of you and because of Your Messenger solely, O God ". You then said," Yes you, Abdullah ".Furthermore, Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas said, "It was a prayer Abdullah bin Jahsh more baiik of my prayer. On the next day, before the day ended, I saw both ears and the tip of his nose to rely on a string ".That aspiration and desire of followers of Muhammad scramble forward in the battlefield, would like to get one of the two goodness; elevate the word of Allah and win their religion or martyrdom.Apparently, they were granted the prayer of Allah Ta'ala, his aspirations are met in accordance with the words, "Pray to Me undoubtedly I will allow you". (Surat al-believer: 60)Allaah has answered prayer Abdullah bin Jahsh something from 'anhu and already pleased with Him to accept it because he had fulfilled his duty properly to God, religion and His Messenger. Thus, the function is declared finished and destiny is due. However, Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas mission has not been completed, the task that awaits him is still a lot of obligations and long, waiting for treatment.After the Battle of Uhud, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam ordered to bury the body of his uncle, Hamzah and Abdullah in a grave and ordered Amr Ibn Jumuh and Abdullah ibn Umar ibn Haram also in the grave because both intimates in the world.

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam said, "I bear witness that there is no wound them in the way of Allah, Allah will give birth again the bloody wound on the Day of Resurrection; color like the color of blood and smells like musk (musk) ".

For fall in ParagraphAccording to Expert Commentary (mufassirin), in the two months before the end of Jumadil Badr flared, approximately seventeen months after the migration to Medina, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam sending eight people Emigrants under the leadership of Abdullah bin Jahsh with the message, "Go you with Asma Allah and do not you open this letter to you to go for two days. After a distance of it then you open the letter and read it to your friends. After that, continue your journey appropriate orders. Do not be among your companions that are going to follow because forced (forced) ".

Abdullah bin Jahsh run for two days, then he stopped and opened the Prophet's letter."Bismillaahr-ahmaanirahiim. Amma ba'du, you go to the comrades who accompanied the blessing of God be with you until you reach a palm garden. From there, you can spy on the activities of Quraysh caravan, then you're back to bring them news ".

After reading the letter, Abdullah said: "Sam'an wa Ta 'Jill, I hear and obey your command", and then said to his followers, "The Prophet forbade me to force you to participate in this mission".This group runs on the orders of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam and the protection of Allah Ta'ala. At a place called Bahran, Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas and Utbah bin Ghazwan lost camel. Both went looking for his camel was to be missed by his entourage. Abdullah bin Jahsh continue their journey according to the instructions of the Prophet to reach a palm plantation. Suddenly, they saw a caravan of Quraysh escorted by Amr Ibn al-Hadrami, Uthman Ibn Mughirah, and his brother and al-Hakam Nawfal bin Kisan.

The Companions were consulted about them. One said, "If you let them go tonight, they will enter the Land of Haram and you can not do anything. However, if you fight them, we are in the sacred months? ". At that time, they were there at the end of the month of Rajab.

They were hesitant and scared
crack down. But eventually, they encouraged and decided to fight it with a vengeance. One of the Companions and shot an arrow at Amr Ibn al-Hadrami and tewaslah it instantly. They captured the Mughirah and Uthman Ibn Al-Hakam bin Kisan, while Nawfal and his brother Uthman, managed to escape.

According to some families Abdullah bin Jahsh, at that time, Abdullah told his companions that, "Twenty percent of the victory that we get this to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam and the rest is divided among us". This was before the decree of 20% was confirmed by the Qur'an.Arriving group in Medina, the Prophet said to them, "I am not commanding you hold sacred months warfare", while refusing to take his share of the winnings.

Abdullah bin Jahsh and his companions grieve for acting outside the command. More-over, after all the Companions of the Prophet deplores his actions. Not to mention the Quraish campaign with blown-exhaled heavily, "Muhammad and his companions justify the bloodshed, deprivation of property and unlawful detention of people on the moon".

After the talk centered on the matter, the decision to authorize the sky down and also reinforced the action Abdullah bin Jahsh and his friends were, "They ask thee concerning fighting in the sacred months." Say, "Fighting therein is a grave sin, but blocking (men) from the Path of Allah, disbelieve in Allah, (blocking incoming) Sacred Mosque, and drive out of the surrounding population, the larger (sin) in the sight of Allah. And, do slander was greater (sin) than killing. They did not cease fighting you until they (can) turn you back from your religion (to disbelief), if they can. Whoever among you of religious apostasy, and he died in disbelief, then that's their vain deeds in the world and the Hereafter, and they are the dwellers of the Fire, to dwell therein ".

Ibn Ishaq said, "When the verse down,
relieved Abdullah and his friends, and the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam willing to accept prisoners and the spoils of war. After that, the mission of the Quraysh came to redeem Uthman and al-Hakam ibn Kisan. "Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam said the mission was," We will not accept a ransom them until we come Companions, namely: Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas and Utbah bin Ghazwan. We are concerned, you have captured the two. If you kill them, we will also kill your Companions ".

Shortly, Sa'ad and Utbah come, then the Messenger of two prisoners were handed to the Quraysh mission.

Al-Hakam bin Kisan later converted to Islam well and stayed with the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam until martyrdom on Ma'unah Bi'ir events. Uthman returned to Mecca and died in a heathen. Nawfal The horse fell into the hole along the trench (Trench) so that died crushed stone. The polytheists ask her body in exchange for money, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam said: "Take, because the body is bad and bad ransom".

Musings Next to the House of al-Haram, the house of God make the area safe and peaceful for His servants, the prophets welcome prayer father, Ibrahim 'peace be upon him, "O Lord, make this country safe prosperous country". (Surat al-Baqara: 126). There, Asma ', and Ammar Yasir mother, father, killed by vicious and cruel, not because of sinful but solely because the two states "only God our Lord".

In areas which God ordained as a safe and peaceful area in the absolute of all disputes, war and strife, so that they re aware and realize what is right and true, and the brothers live side by side in the region, by the Quraish be occasions murder of a group of people who no helpless and innocent.They were forced out and deviate from his religion. They were forbidden to attend classes given the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam.

God has determined that the area of ​​the Grand Mosque and the surrounding area was a sort of wildlife, where the birds fly freely without fear, where animals, humans, and even insects can live side by side in peace and without fear of one another. Why is the country which has been determined to be safe and peaceful area turned into a scary area and full of horror. Free area was turned into a region free of slavery, in which freedom of religion and the rights of people choose to practice his faith is restricted and hindered.

Welcoming the monotheistic religions call echoed the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam branded as infidels and apostates because out of ancestral religions who believe in idols; Latta, 'Uzza and Manat which are enumerated in the Ka'bah.

God has set haram (sacred) of her house since Abraham and his son Ishmael 'peace be upon him build it. Since then, God has set the area safe for everyone and unlawful conduct regional sekalgus war and murder. "(And) remember when We made the House (House) gathering place for humans and safe place ...". (Surat al-Baqara: 125) 

Grace and favor to his servant Alah given by the Quraish transformed for the mustadh'afin in a safe and peaceful area. They chased and tortured, mocked and insulted his religion, his family harassed and persecuted.

Reason Fake They revealed by the Qur'an"... If we follow the instructions with you undoubtedly we will be expelled from our land ...". (Surat al-Qasas: 57)Who other than they are capable of committing a crime in that area? Who dares to violate God as their illicit ?.

It never happened, Abraha with his elephant troops to destroy the House of al-Haram it.
Arrogant he came up on the outskirts of the city of Mecca. All the advice and warnings were ignored. Quraishi know what Abraha desired. They also know kekeuatan Abraha's army. Therefore, they do not think about to protect the Kaaba of attack. They fled the city of Mecca.

Abraha was surprised to see the attitude of the Quraysh who leave the city open, not maintained at all. In fact, he was surprised when Abdul Muttalib, the doyen of the city of Mecca, came toward him to ask his camel is returned and not talk about the House at all, just reply with the famous reply, "it belongs to my camel while al-Bait was no owner who will be protect it! ".No doubt the alleged Abdul Muthathlib, Lord al-Bait has a protection against Abraha and his army. Those who want to be thugs, want to muddy the safe and peaceful atmosphere in the forbidden area, punished.

"And He sent against them birds flocking, who pelted them with stones (derived) from baked clay, and He made them like leaves are edible (caterpillar)". (QS. Al-Fill: 3-5).

Their brilliance bersilat tongue, "If we follow the guidance with you undoubtedly we will be expelled from our land", immediately broken by the word, "And, if we do not reinforce their position in the region forbidden (sacred land) are safe, which brought to that place fruits of all kinds (plants) to be sustenance (for you) from Us? But most of them do not know ". (Surat al-Qasas: 57).Besides making Mecca as regional peace, Allah Almighty also makes the forbidden months as times of peace, but the Arabs playing the months that suit their tastes and desires. Sometimes accelerated by a fatwa, or religious leaders group strong from year to year.

After Islam came, he establishes unequivocally that delays acceleration, and changes of the ordinance of God, that law infidels, vanity and misguided,"Indeed postponement-delay the sacred months it is adding disbelief, misled people who reject the-delay the postponement, they justify in a year and forbid it another year, so that they can adjust to the number that God forbid they justify what Allah has forbidden. (Satan) made them look good deeds that they are bad. And, Allah gives guidance to those who disbelieve ". (Surat at-Tawbah: 37).It is clear that the Quraysh were first destroy the peaceful area of ​​sustainability. They are toying with abstinence in those months. Muslims made the butt because of his religion; they chased, tortured,
persecuted, whipped, dried diterik desert, and even killed because they do not want to apostasy from Islam. They would rather go emigrated after permission from the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam leave his beloved homeland, leaving all possessions gained from a lifetime of hard work, in order to maintain the faith and tauhidi.

Of course the Muslims would take revenge whenever and wherever against criminal gangs that is lost. No wonder if the overflow was blown up by an army led by Abdullah bin Jahsh, causing deaths and several people captive among the Quraysh, as stated at the beginning of the discussion.By the Quraysh, the incident was used to draw sympathy Arab tribes and also to divide the ranks of Muslims. They incite that follower of Muhammad had torn honor the sacred months. Shrewd campaign they almost succeeded in breaking up the ranks of the Muslims. Fortunately decisions quickly down the sky, reminding Muslims that maintaining unity and unity, and so do not underestimate the actions and slander his opponents were.

"They ask thee concerning fighting in the sacred months." Say, "Fighting therein is a grave sin, but hinder (men) from the Path of Allah, disbelieve in Allah, (blocking the entrance to) Masjid al-Haram, and evict the population of the surrounding , greater (sin) in the sight of Allah. And, do slander larger (sin) rather than kill. They did not cease fighting you until they (can) turn you back from your religion (to disbelief), if they can. Whoever among you of religious apostasy, and he died in disbelief, then they are useless charity in the world and the Hereafter, and they are the inmates of the fire; they will abide therein ". (Al-Baqarah: 217).

So news that revelation reveals the actual look of the Quraysh, how the tactics and strategies they confront the Muslims, they will do their utmost by all means, legal or illegal, lawful or unlawful, forcing them into a pagan back.

However, the will of God has set the Ummah of Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam consequent practice her faith will be the leader of the whole world."And, as (also) We have made you (Muslims) people just and options that you may be witnesses over the (deeds) men and that the Prophet (Muhammad) a witness to the (deeds) you ..". (Surat al-Baqara: 143).

- Sirah Shahabiyah Prophet, by Mahmud Mahdi al-Istanbuli.

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