Thursday, 9 April 2015

Abdullah bin Mas'ud (Died 32 H)

His full name is Abdullah bin Mas'ud ibn al-Hudzali Ghafil. Its nickname "Abu Abdirahman". He was friend to the six most first convert to Islam. He moved to Habasyah twice, and follow all the battles along the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi respectfully. In the battle of Badr, he managed to kill Abu Jahl.

Prophet sallallaahu alaihi respectfully said: "Take the Qur'an from four persons: Abdullah, Salim (slave of Abu Hudhayfah), Muadh bin Jabal and Ubay ibn Ka'b". According to experts of hadith, that mentioned "Abdullah" course, which meant was Abdullah bin Mas'ud this.

Whene became Caliph Umar appointed him judge and the Board of the State Treasury in Kufa. He is a symbol of piety, prudence, and the sanctity of self.

Most saheeh sanad sourced from him is narrated by Suyan ats-Thaury, of Mansur ibn al-Mu'tamir, from Ibrahi, from Alqamah. While most dlaif is narrated by Abi Fazarah Syuraik of Abu Said.

He narrated the hadith of 'Umar and Sa'd ibn Mu'adh. Who narrated the hadith from him is Al-Abadillah ("Four people named Abdullah"), Anas bin Malik, Jabir ibn Abdullah, Abu Musa al-Ash'ari, Alqamah, Masruq, Shuraih al-Qadli, and several others. The number of hadith which he reached 848 hadith narrated.

Abdullah bin Mas'ud had faith in him and a sixth person who converted to Islam and to follow the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam. Thus he belonged to the first beginning to Islam.First encounter with the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam was
be told as follows:"When I was a teenager, herding goats belonging Uqbah bin Mu'aith. Suddenly came the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam with Abu Bahar, and asked: "Hey kid, do you have to drink our milk." "I'm the belief" I said. "And nobody can give you both a drink ...!"

Then the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam: "Do you have a sterile female goats, which have not been in marriage to a male one?" "There," I said. Then I bring it to them. The goat was
tied legs by Prophet then swept her milk while pleading with God. Suddenly it juicy milk .... Then Abu Bahar take a convex stone used to accommodate cow milk Prophet. Then Abu Bakr was drinking was, and I did not miss .... After the Prophet govern to milk: "deflated! " then be deflated milk ....

After that event I come to see the Prophet, say me: "Teach me the words tersebutl" 

Said the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam: "You will be a child who is educated!" 
How surprised and ta'jubnya Ibn Mas'ud when watching a righteous servant of God and His messengers believed to plead with his Lord while sweeping animal milk that has not been watering for this, suddenly issued a bounty and sustenance of God in the form of pure milk which is good for a drink ...!

In sa'at it has not realized that the scenes he witnessed a miracle that only the most lightly and not so mean, and that is not how long from the tour was a glorious Rasululla ~ i will be witnessed miracles that will shake the world and filled with instructions and light ....

Even at that time did not already know, that he himself was still a teenager when the weak and poor, who receive wages as a goatherd belonging 'Uqbah bin Mu'aith, will appear as one of the miracles of this, that after forged Islam became a believer, will defeat arrogance Quraish and conquer the tyranny of princes ....

So he, who has not dared to pass in front of a magnifying Quraish except with raise feet and bowed his head, at a later date after converting to Islam, he appeared in front of the
leaders Quraysh assembly on the side of the Kaaba, while all leaders and leaders Quraysh sat gathering, another stood before them and carry a melodious voice and intriguing, containing revelations Quranul Iiahi al-Karim:
 Bismillahirrahmanirrahim .... 
Allah the Most Rahman .... 
Who has taught the Qur'an .... 
Creating beings .... 
And deliver him an explanation .... 
The sun and the moon ... 
calculations.Being a star and the same timber prostration to God .... 
Another continuation of reading, while the leaders of Quraysh as awestruck, do not believe in eye sight and hearing their ears .... and is not reflected in their mind that people who challenge their power and arrogance ..., no more than a hired hand in between them, and the goatherd from one  leaders Quraish .... Abdullah bin mas'ud, a lowly poor .... !

Let us hear testimony from witnesses described the event exciting and
fabulous it! The man was none other than Zubair radhiyallah 'anhu said:"The first menderas Quran in Mecca after the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam was Abdullah bin Mas'ud radhiyallah' anhu. On one day of the Companions of the Prophet gathered, they said:"By Allah, the Quraysh not yet heard the slightest al-Quran is read aloud in front of them .... Well, who among us who are willing to bring it to them .... "
Ibn Mas'ud Maha said: "I am".They said: "We Fearing for the safety of yourself! All we want is a man who has relatives who will defend it from the they if mean any harm .... ""Let me!"
Ibn Mas'ud said anyway, "God must defend Then came Ibn Mas'ud to the Quraysh in dluha time, when they were in the meeting hall ...." 

He stood on the stage and read: "Bismillahirrahmaanirrahim, and with his voice say: Arrahman Allamal Quran ...."Then while facing them and be continue reading. They watched as he asked his neighbor: "What is read by the boy Umm 'Abdin it .... Indeed, he read it is being read by Muhammad." 

They rose came and beat him, while Ibn Mas'ud continue reading to the extent that God desired. After that the face and body battered he returned hepada the Companions. They said: "This is what we are concerned for you ....!"Ibn Mas'ud said "Right now nothing is easier for you from the face of God's enemies! And if gentlemen want, I will go to them again and do the same thing tomorrow. "Mereha said: "Suffice it so! You have to read to them the goods ang become taboo for them! "True, at the time of Ibn Mas'ud was amazed to see the goat milk suddenly watery prematurely, not realizing that he and his colleagues in the same boat of the poor have-nots, will be one of the great miracles of the Prophet, when they rise up shouldering banner of God and master with light tubes and sunlight. Not knowing that the time is near .... May the day come that fast and has a bell tolling, teenagers and poor workers stranded necessarily be a miracle among the various miracles of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam ....!

In the busyness and berpacuan life, never will he will become the foundation of the eye ....Even in areas far from the bustle was also not ....! There was no place for him among the wealthy, so even in the mighty knights environment, or in a series of influential people.In the matter of property, he did not have anything, about the stature he was small and thin, especially in the seal effect, then the rank far below ... .But instead of the poverty it, Islam gave part abundant and sufficient acquisition of
treasurer D'Andrea and saving the Emperor. And in return for a thin body and bodily weak, was awarded his iron will to subdue the dictatorial and take part in changing the course of history. And to offset his fate that desires will be stranded, Islam has lavish science, glory and determination, which displays it as one of the leading figures in the history of humanity ....

Really, do not miss presumably distant view of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam when he told him: "You will be educated young man". He has been given a lesson by the Lord to be a jurist or jurists nation of Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, and the backbone of the huffadh Quranul al-Karim.

About himself he once said:"I have to accommodate the 70 letters that I heard the Quran directly from RasululIah sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam that nobody would have menyaingimu in this case ...."

And apparently Allah Subhanahu wa ta'ala. give him a reward of courage to risk their lives in the Qur'an proclaimed openly and-distribute in all corners of the city of Mecca at the time of torture and oppression are rampant, then awarded him a special talent in bringing reading the Quran and regular extraordinary ability to understand the meaning and intent. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam has given washiat to the Companions to take Ibn Mas'ud as an example, his saying:"Hold-Be firm to science was given by Ibn Umm 'Abdin ....!"

Recommended also to emulate his reading, and learn how to read the Quran thereof. Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:"Those who want to want to hear the Quran just like revealed, let him hear of Ibn Umm ilbdin ...! Anyone who wants to want to read the Quran just like taken down, let him read it like reading Ibn Umm Ibdin ...! "Indeed, it has long Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam like reading the Qur'an from Ibn Mas'ud mouth .... One day he called him his saying:"Read me, O Abdullah!" "Shall I read it to you, O Messenger of Allah ..?" Prophet replied: "I would like to hear from the mouth of another person" Then Ibn Mas'ud read it starts from an-Nisa letter to arrive at the word of Allah, the Exalted:"So how would happen if we made of each community was a witness, while you We made as a witness for them ....! When the unbelievers who disobey the same Apostle wished that they be generalized to the earth ....! And they can not privy talks with God ....! "(Surat an-Nisa: 41-42)

Then the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam can not held their tears, tears melt and with his hand to Ibn Mas'ud hinted that his point: "Enough ..., enough already, O Ibn Mas'ud ...!"

Once Ibn Mas'ud had also mentioned the gift of God to him, he said: "Not a matter of al-Quran was revealed, but what I know about the events of the revelation. And tidah nobody knows more about the Book of God than me. And
supposing I know there is someone who can be reached by driving camels and he knows more about the Book of Allah than me, surely I will see him. But I'm not that best among you! "

Ibn Mas'ud privilege has been recognized by the Companions. Amirul Mumineen Umar said about him:"It's the science of jurisprudence abound-Iimpah": And said Abu Musa ai-Ash'ari:"Do not ask us something of a problem, as long as this chaplain was among gentlemen. '"And not only lead in the Qur'an and the science of jurisprudence course that should have praise, but also excellence in
pious and devotion.

Hudhayfah said about him: "No one has ever seen that is more similar to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam both in the way of life, behavior and peace of soul, than Ibn Mas'ud .... And those who are known from the Companions of the Prophet Companions-alike know that the son of Umm 'Abdin is the closest to God ....! "

He came to Medina and sick there and then died in 32 H and buried in Baqi, Uthman ibn 'Affan participate
prayer him/salat.


- Biography of Ibn Mas'ud in Al-Ishabah: Ibn Hajar Asqalani no.4945. 
- Know the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi respectfully Shahabiah., Works of Mahmud Mahdi al-Istanbuly.

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