Thursday, 9 April 2015

Umar bin Al-Khattab (Died 23 H)

His full name is Umar ibn Nufail bin Abdul Izzy bin Rabah bin Qirath bin Razah bin Adi bin Ka'b ibn al-Quraishi Luay al-'Adawy. Sometimes called the Abu Hafash and dubbed the al-Faruq. His mother named Hantimah bint Hashim ibn al-Muqhirah al-Makhzumiyah.

Early convert to Islam 

Umar embraced Islam when the Islamic faith approximately 40 (forty) is composed of men and women.

Imam Tirmidhi, Imam Thabrani and Hakim has narrated with the same history that the Prophet respectfully have prayed, "O Allah, glorifying Islam with the person you love the most between the two men, Umar ibn al-Khattab or Abu Jahl 'Amr ibn Hisham. ".

With regard to the inclusion of Umar ibn al-Khattab to Islam narrated by Ibn Sa'ad revealed by Imam Suyuti in the book "Tarikh al-Khulafa 'ar-Rasyidin" as follows:Anas bin Malik said: "One day, Umar came out, bearing the sword, and Bani Zahra asked" O Umar, where you want ?, "Then Umar said," I'm going to kill Muhammad. "Furthermore, men were asked:" What peace been made between Bani Bani Hashim with Venus, while you want to kill Muhammad ".Then the man had said, "Do not you know that your brother and sister-in-law has left your religion". Then Umar went to the house of his sister and brother-in-law saw was reading the Koran sheet, then Umar said, "probably both right has been converted". Umar then jump and stomp loudly, then his sister (Fatima bint al-Khattab) came encourage Umar, but Umar slapped him so hard that his brother face to bleed.

Then Umar said: "Give sheet (al-Qur'an) to me, I want to read it", then her sister said. "You were in a state of unclean shall not touch it unless you are in a state of purity, if engaku wonder then wash (purification) . ". Then Umar stood up and shower (purification) and then read sheet (
al-Quran) is that Taha letter to the verse, "Verily, I am Allah, there is no tuhanselain I, so worship Me steadfast in prayer to remember me." (Qs.Thaha: 14 ). After that Umar said, "Take me to Muhammad.".Hearing the words of Umar directly Khabbab out of sembunyianya saying: "O Umar, I feel happy, I hope that being said prayer Prophet on Thursday night becomes a reality, he (the Prophet) pray" God, glorify Islam with most people you love between two men, Umar ibn al-Khattab or Abu Jahl 'Amr ibn Hisham. ".

Then Umar went to the place of Muhammad  respectfully, in front of the door stood Hamzah, Talha and other companions. Then Hamzah and said, "If Allah wills good for him, surely he would convert to Islam, but if there is any other purpose we will kill him". Then Umar stated converted to Islam before the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi respectfully.

Then bertambahlah glory of Islam and Muslims with the inclusion of Umar, as is narrated by Imam Bukhari from Ibn Mas'ud, saying, "Glory we increased since the entry of Umar."Umar participated in the war carried out with the Prophet, and remained in the battle of Uhud together Messenger as explained by Imam Suyuti in "Tarikh al-Khulafa'ar Rasyidin".

Messenger gives him the title of al-Faruq, as was narrated by Ibn Sa'd from Dzakwan, while he said, "I have asked Aisha," Who is calling Umar al-Faruq name? ", Then She said" The Messenger ".Imam Bukhari hadith of Abu Hurairah, the Prophet said: "It has been there from the followers before you the reformers, and if there is undoubtedly a reformer of my people 'Umarlah person". This hadith classed as saheeh by Imam Hakim. Similarly, Imam Tirmidhi has narrated from Uqbah bin Amir that the Prophet said, "If there is a prophet after me, surely Umar ibn al-Khattab one.".

Narrated by Tirmidhi from Ibn 'Umar he said, "The Prophet has said:" Verily Allah has poured truth through the tongue and heart Umar ". His son Omar (Abdullah) said, "What has been said by my father (Umar) about something that happened like what is predicted by my father".


History of Ibn 'Asakir has narrated from' Ali, he said, "I do not know of anyone who moved in secret hidden except bi Umar al-Khattab did with clear appearance". Where Umar as he holds a sword and bow and arrows in his shoulder he came to the Ka'bah where the Quraysh were in the yard, and he did tawaf 7 times and do pray two rak'ahs in maqam Ibrahim.

Then he went to the association of them one by one and said, "Whoever those whose mothers gave up his death, his son became fatherless and his wife a widow, then you see me in the back of the valley". The testimony showed courage Umar.

Death of 

On Wednesday, month 23 H Dzulhijah year he died, he was stabbed while performing Fajr prayer he was stabbed by a Zoroastrian named Abu Lu'luah slave of al-Mughira bin Shu'bah suspected he had orders from the Zoroastrians. Umar was buried next to the Prophet and Abu Bakr Siddiq, he died at the age of 63 years.


 - Copied from Umar Ibn Khattab Biography in Tahbaqat Ibn Sa'ad, Tarikh al-Khulafa'ar Rasyidin Imam Suyuti.